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The African Health OER Network: Advancing health education in Africa through open educational resources
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This short commentary about the African Health OER Network was published by the African Journal of Health Professions Education, December 2010, Vol. 2, No. 2.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Kathleen Ludewig Omollo
Sarah Hoosen
Anaerobic infections
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No Strings Attached
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3-part lecture series given at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology about infections with Gram-negative obligate anaerobes

Subject:
Biology
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Carly Engleberg
Automated Blood Counts
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A complete blood count (CBC), also known as full blood count (FBC) or full blood exam (FBE) or blood panel, is a test requested by a doctor or other medical professional that gives information about the cells in a patient's blood.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Ohene Opare-Sem
Autonomic Effect After Muscarinic Hyper-Activity
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This experiment demonstrates the effect of muscarinic agonists and its parasympathetic effects such as lacrimation (shedding of red tears), salivation, defaecation, urination pilo-erection, rhinorrhea, sweating and labored breathing.This module has been internally reviewed by a cross-disciplinary committee within KNUST prior to releasing as an Open Educational Resource.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Anne Acquaah
Benjamin Prempeh
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Case Scenarios In Pediatric Practices
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Pictures are very important complimentary teaching materials. They provide vivid visual impressions to aid clinical students in making diagnosis. This clinical materials were captured during clinical sessions on ward rounds and specialist consultations. The case scenarios developed around the pictures are intended to achieve the following objectives.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Case Study
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Joslin Dogbe
Corporate Finance for Health Care Administrators
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HMP 607 is the third in a three-course sequence intended to impart to generalist administrators the knowledge of finance and accounting necessary to manage health care organizations. The first course, HMP 608, covers financial accounting. The second course, HMP 606, focuses on managerial accounting topics. This third course concentrates on corporate finance topics. It aims to impart an understanding of how finance theory and practice can inform the decision-making of the health care firm. As such, HMP 607 is most appropriately considered a corporate finance course, as opposed to a course in financial markets. In addition, it will integrate corporate finance and accounting theories, institutional knowledge of health care finance, and applications to specific problems.

Subject:
Business and Communication
Accounting
Finance
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Jack Wheeler
DataDive
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The A2DataDive assembled representatives from nonprofit organizations, U-M statistics and data sciences departments, and members of the community to collectively address the data analysis and visualization needs for area nonprofits and local organizations. Open.Michigan was one of the organizers of the A2DataDive, and worked with two School of Information graduate students to scope and implement the event. After identifying two organizations who had data needs:ŰÖFocus HopeŰÖand theŰÖAfrican Health OER Network, this joint community/university datadive took place over a weekend in February 2012 in North Quads space 2435, an adaptable space especially suited to collaborative, participatory work. The A2DataDive was a successful proof-of-concept for a joint collaboration between an academic institution and local organizations and businesses, and demonstrated that sharing skills and expertise to address a need is also a great way to help others.

Subject:
Computer Science
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Open.Michigan
Discussion Questions for Organizations Commencing OER Projects
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This one-sheet handout provides a list of six discussion questions to address at the initial planning stages for organizations interested in incorporating OER into their programs, grants, or activities. These questions are applicable to OER projects across academic disciplines and levels.

Subject:
Computer Science
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Endocrine
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The Endocrine Sequence teaches the basic principles of hormone secretion and action and the clinical disorders which result from abnormalities of hormonal activity. Students are expected to be familiar with the functions of the endocrine glands, the structure, secretion and action of the important hormones, and the major clinical endocrine disorders. Emphasis will be placed on understanding pathophysiology and being able to use general principles in endocrine phsyiology (e.g. negative feedback) or in the management of endocrine disorders (e.g., insulin management) in consideration of specific circumstances and clinical cases.

Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Arno K. Kumagai
Thomas J. Giordano
Ethics and Information Technology
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Ethics and Information Technology focuses on the ethical dilemmas that exist where human beings, information objects, and social computing technologies interact. The course explores emerging ethical models from historical and cross-cultural perspectives and then applies these models to a variety of new and emerging technologies that are inherently social in their construction and use. Initial examples of issues that the course covers in discrete modules include: the integrity of digital content in a networked world; identity and avatars; and interpersonal engagement through online games and virtual environments. Students explore the technological underpinnings of associated technology systems, experiment with individual and group interaction with technologies, and examine the mechanics of ethical and unethical behaviors.

Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Paul Conway
Examination of the Pregnant Woman
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This programme consists of notes and demonstration videos that explain how to examine a near-term, pregnant woman. In the course of the programme, the learner will encounter the terms used to describe the relationship of the fetus to the mother's anatomy, and they will be expect to interpret and describe the findings of an examination on video, using these terms.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Kwabena Danso
Frog Heart Preparation
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An isolated frog heart preparation is useful in the study of cardiac cell excitation. The small size of the frog's heart means that drugs applied to the outside of the heart will peneterate the myocardium and modify the functions of the heart's cardiac chambers. Thus, the effect of the autonomic neurotransmitter substance together with their modification by other drugs can be studied by addition of these agents to the heart.This module has been internally reviewed by a cross-disciplinary committee within KNUST prior to releasing as an Open Educational Resource.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
Ella Kasanga
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
HIV Antibody Test Using A Rapid HIV Card
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HIV antibody tests are specifically designed for routine diagnostic testing of adults; these tests are inespensive and extremely accurate. Most people develop detectable antibodies approximately 30 days after infection, although some seroconvert later. The vast majority of people (99%) have detectable antibody by three months after HIV infection; a six month window is extremely rare with modern antibody testing.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
George Koffuor
Haematology - The Red Blood Cell Count
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This programme demonstrates in a video lesson the procedure in determining whether there is adequate number of red blood cell in circulation. The procedure covers the description of the laboratory instruments and materials that are used in such tests. At the end of the procedure, an observation of the test result is made and interpreted with the use of a microscope.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
George Koffuor
Haematology - The White Blood Cell Count
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This programme demonstrates in a video lesson the procedure in determining whether there is adequate number of white blood cell in circulation. The procedure covers the description of the laboratory instruments and materials that are used in such tests. At the end of the procedure, and observation of the test result is made and interpreted with the use of a microscope.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
George Koffuor
Handouts on Finding and Creating Open Content
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No Strings Attached
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These 1 - 2 page handouts were developed by the University of Michigan Open Michigan initiative for faculty, researchers, and students interested in creating and finding open educational resources. This set includes:Open Educational Resources: Getting Started handoutHow to Create Open Content handoutFinding Open Content handoutThe handouts are available in PDF and Adobe InDesign formats.For up-to-date information, visit the Open Michigan Share page.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Assessment
Diagram/Illustration
Lecture
Lesson Plan
Unit of Study
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Health Management I Module Guide
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This module was developed at the School of Public Health, University for the Western Cape for the Postgraduate Certificate in Public Health which was offered as a distance learning module between 2001 and 2008. Health management is considered an important skill area for Public Health professionals. The module covers three key management areas: people management, planning and resource management. Through exploring these areas, the module aims to provide information and assistance at a practical level, continually referring the student to management issues within their own context.Ę As management is cross-cutting in relation to other Public Health fields, the student is also expected to relate much of the management study material to the contexts of the other Certificate modules.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Assessment
Diagram/Illustration
Lecture
Lesson Plan
Unit of Study
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Kirstie Rendall-Mkosi
Lucy Alexander
Wendy Venter
Histology Laboratory Drawings
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The Histology Laboratory Drawings resource contains 104 hand drawn sketches by Dr. Christensen for the laboratory sessions he conducted in the Medical Histology Course for first year medical students. The drawings were done with felt markers on a white board in the lab during the morning of the day a particular topic was being studied in the course. When the laboratory session began, the drawings were briefly discussed, and they could be seen by the students throughout the laboratory period.You can view the drawings individually on flickr, or you can download the full collection of drawings by navigating to the materials tab.

Subject:
Information Science
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
A. Kent Christensen
Human Growth and Development
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This course addresses essential learning outcomes in normal growth, development and nutrition across the lifespan, inclusive of aging. Its focus is on normal function rather than disease.

Includes lectures, handouts, schedules, and student notes.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Full Course
Lecture Notes
Lesson Plan
Student Guide
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Immunology
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This sequence explores the elements of innate and acquired immune defense mecahnisms, the cells involved, their development and maturation, and biomolecular cellular communication mechanisms required to successfully fight off infection.

Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Wesley Dunnick
Infectious Disease / Microbiology
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This sequence introduces students to medical microbiology, infectious diseases, and antimicrobial therapy, and focuses on pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of various infectious diseases.

Subject:
Biology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Carol Kauffman
Donna Shewach
Michael Imperiale
Information Literacy in the Wild
Rating

In this text, you will see information literacy examined from the perspective of students in the School of Education and the School of Information at the University of Michigan. The diversity of these perspectives contribute to new understandings and realizations as their divergent backgrounds, experiences, aspirations, and influences, both in libraries and 'in the wild', are examined in common. Their findings lend a fresh perspective to the existing body of literature on information literacy.

Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
University of Michigan
Author:
Individual Authors
Information Technology and Global Development
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This course will provide an intensive introduction to the field of information technology and global development, in its historical, policy, and design dimensions. Part One offers a comprehensive overview of key historical and contemporary debates, problems, and issues in international development. Part Two explores crucial information policy issues in developing country contexts, ranging from technology transfer, research and innovation systems, and intellectual property to telecommunications, wireless, and other critical infrastructure development. Part Three explores the growing ICT4D project literature, with special reference to programs and applications in the health, education, finance, governance, agriculture, and rural development sectors. Through readings, discussions, and course assignments, students will gain critical research and professional skills in the analysis and design of information policies, programs, and projects in a range of developing country settings. Through geographically focused project and discussion groups, students will also develop specific regional or country-level knowledge and experience.

Subject:
Finance
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Steven J. Jackson
Instructional Design Tips for Computer-Based E-Learning
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
Rating

Single lecture presentation containing tips for using technology to enhance teaching. Uses proven multimedia design principles to enhance learning.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Educational Technology
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Internationalizing “International Communication”
Rating

Various attempts (Curran & Park, 2000; Thussu, 2009; Wang, 2011) have been made in recent years to “de-Westernize” or “internationalize” media studies. What justifies another volume seeking to “internationalize” what is purported to be the most “internationalized” subfield in the whole gamut of media and communication studies? In short, it is because international communication as a field of inquiry actually is not very “internationalized.”

Subject:
Communication
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
University of Michigan
Author:
Chin-Chuan Lee
Laboratory Methods for Clinical Microbiology
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No Strings Attached
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This comprehensive module explores common laboratory experiments for microbiology, including microbiological stains (e.g. Gram stains), assessing the accuracy of diagnostic tests, measuring antibody response to infection, and Detection of microbial antigens, and nucleic acid amplification (e.g. Polymerase Chain Reaction).

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Biology
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Charles Agyei Osei
Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
Maintenance of an Isolated Smooth Muscle Preparation in Vitro
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This module contains a series of demonstration videos on how to do isolated smooth muscle preparation in vitro using the Harvard Kymograph simulator. This series is complementary to the video Setting Up the Harvard Kymograph.This module has been internally reviewed by a cross-disciplinary committee within KNUST prior to releasing as an Open Educational Resource.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
Ella Kasanga
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Malaria Antigen Rapid Test
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Malaria is a disease caused by four identified spicies of Plasmodia, namely Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae. It is transmitted by the female anopheles mosquito. It is a disease that can be treated in just 48hrs, yet it can cause fatal complications if the diagnosis and treatment are delayed. It is re-emerging as the the number one infectious killer and it is the number on priority tropical disease of the World Health Organization.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
George Koffuor
Management of Libraries and Information Services
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SI 626 - Information practice demands knowledge of all aspects of management and service delivery. This course introduces selected theories, principles and techniques of contemporary management science, and organizational behavior and their application to libraries and information services. Students develop skills in planning, organizing, personnel management, financial management, leading, marketing, stakeholder management, and coordinating functions in libraries and information services. Students also have the opportunity to think critically about, and reflect upon, contemporary management practice in information organizations.Information professionals find that no matter whether they choose a career as a single entrepreneur, solo librarian, archivist, or whether they join a large organization, they become managers -- of themselves, of clients or staff, and sometimes of substantial systems and services.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Tiffany Veinot
Managing Human Resources for Health Module Guide
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Human resource management is one of the key functions within the broader scope of human resource development. If you are or want to become a manager in the health services, you will in all likelihood have some responsibility for managing people.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Assessment
Diagram/Illustration
Lecture
Lesson Plan
Unit of Study
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Uta Lehmann
Measuring Health and Disease I: Introduction to Epidemiology Module Guide
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This module was designed to meet the growing need for an applied course in the measurement of a variety of health indicators and outcomes. Whether you manage a health programme, a health facility, or simply have to interpret health data in the course of your work, this module sets out to increase your capacity to deal with health and disease information. It aims to assist you in applying epidemiological knowledge and skills to a variety of Public Health problems such as:Is your DOTS programme succeeding?What does it mean if a TB prevalence is 850/100 000?Is this a Public Health problem or not?What is the Ňburden of diseaseÓ in different communities?

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Assessment
Diagram/Illustration
Lecture
Lesson Plan
Unit of Study
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Debra Jackson
Neil Myburgh
Mental State Examination
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This module provides a structured way of observing and describing a patient's current state of mind, under the domains of appearance, attitude, behavior, mood and affect, speech, thought process, thought content, perception, cognition, insight and judgment. There are some minor variations in the subdivision of the Mental State Examination (MSE) and the sequence and names of MSE domains.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Psychology
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
Adjapong Kojo
Cary Engleberg
Celice McDermott
Nana Osem Osei
Oppong Victor Barnor
Tutu Akua Nketiah
Twum Nimako
Veronica Boatemaa Owusu-Afriyie
One Step Pregnancy Dipstick Test
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This pharmacological procedure demonstrates the procedure in a pregnancy test.Ę The One Step Pregnancy Test Strip would be used in the test, utilizing a combination of antibodies including a monoclonal hCG antibody to selectively detect elevated levels of hCG.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Author:
George Koffuor
Open Pedagogy:  A New Paradigm for Teaching and Learning
Conditions of Use:
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The main objective of this course is to explore and critique the role of an open pedagogy in education. Participants will develop an understanding of the concept of open and explore its application in, primarily, the context of educational environments as well as use and assess emerging learning technologies and social media. Participants will also learn about a variety of other initiatives and projects employing an open pedagogy, learn how to both identify and create open educational resources and develop a familiarity with the legal and policy considerations (e.g. copyright) surrounding the use and creation of open content. Through reading, writing, and sharing these writings, participants will make important contributions to the ongoing and exciting conversation around the future of teaching and learning.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Garin Fons
Organic Chemistry of Macromolecules
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Chemistry 538 - Organic Chemistry of Macromolecules covers the preparation, reactions, and properties of high molecular weight polymeric materials of both natural and synthetic origin. As a part of this course, U-M students collaboratively created and edited€÷Wikipediaarticles. Student contributions can be found below, within the "Wikipedia Articles" section.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Anne McNeil
Phase 2 Evaluation of the African Health OER Network: Consolidation and Sustainability
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Rating

As part of the Hewlett Foundation grant for the African Health OER Network, Professor Ken Harley (University of KwaZulu-Natal) conducts an annual external evaluation of the project. For his 2009 evaluation, Prof Harley interviewed participants at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), University of Ghana (UG), University of Cape Town (UCT), University of the Western Cape (UWC), the South African Institute of Distance Education (Saide) and the University of Michigan (U-M). In 2010, he conducted follow-up interviews with the same institutions. The 2010 evaluation was aimed at exploring institutional experiences, to establish how the project was being consolidated, and to start assessing issues of sustainability. Based on document analysis and institutional interviews, broadly, the evaluation concludes that:The African Health OER Network has supported institutions to develop OER based on institutional needs and choices. This in itself is a signifier of sustainability.Because of the modelling of OER production along institutional needs and choices, institutions have produced OER that are consistent with their Ňethos, contextual realities, strategies and resources.Ó In other words, what is being produced will be utilised in the institution and is not designed for Ôshow and tellŐ to meet funder requirements.The development of OER has encouraged institutions to reconsider their policies on OER and also how they can support OER within their own means.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
OER Africa
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
open.Michigan African Health OER Network
Physical Organic Chemistry
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Chemistry 540 - Physical Organic Chemistry covers the principles of chemical bonding, mechanisms of organic chemical reactions and stereochemistry. The important types of organic reactions are also discussed, with an emphasis on basic principles. As a part of this course, U-M students collaboratively created and editedWikipedia€÷articles. Student contributions can be found below, within the "Wikipedia Articles" section.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Anne McNeil