This site explores how Adeline Hornbek, single mother of four, defied traditional gender roles to become the owner of a successful ranch under the Homestead Act.
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Alcatraz is home to one of the world's most infamous prisons. From the 1930s to 1960s, Alcatraz was the premier maximum security prison, housing inmates such as Al Capone and George Machine Gun Kelly. Before the prison was created, the island was home to American Indians. Today, it is one of San Francisco's most prominent tourist attractions.
shows the innovative transportation system used in the 1820s-1840s to tow railroad cars up and down the steep slopes of the Allegheny Mountains.
Looks at the historic utopian society established in the 1850s along the Iowa River by German-speaking settlers from a religious group known as the Community of True Inspiration. The group, which originated in Himbach, Germany, in 1714, created a communal system of living of seven villages, each with mills, shops, homes, communal kitchens, schools, and churches. This website looks at the group's history, beliefs, buildings, and more.
presents a travel itinerary of 58 historic places across Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico. It includes forts built to protect mail routes and settlers, missions and churches, prehistoric cliff dwellings, trading posts, petroglyphs (from the petrified forest), pit house villages, and Indian villages home to the Anasazi, Sinagua, Zuni, and other Native American tribes.
tells the story of Manassa Pope, the first black man to receive a medical license in North Carolina (1886). After practicing medicine and helping establish a drug store and insurance company in Charlotte, Pope moved his family to Raleigh. There he continued his medical practice, built an elegant house (equipped with the latest technologies) located in the best place allowed for a black family in a segregated city. He later ran for mayor.
tells the story of America's journey to the moon. The creation of NASA, the Apollo vehicles, and the January 1967 tragedy are part of the story. On July 20, 1969, as the Eagle lunar module approached the moon, it became clear that the computer had chosen an unacceptable landing site -- a boulder-strewn crater. With 114 seconds of fuel left, astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin overrode the computers and manually landed the Eagle.
examines the conditions of Camp Sumter (in Andersonville, Georgia), the largest and most notorious of prisoner of war camps during the Civil War.
Help students learn about archaeological methods and how archaeological interpretations are made. It is organized around questions that include: What is archeology? What do archaeologists do? How do archaeologists determine how old things are?
This site highlights 32 historic places in this community located 14 miles north of California at the foot of Mt. Ashland. These places together illustrate the development of Ashland from a small transportation and farming center founded in 1852 into a community with a strong cultural identity.
recounts the history of this inn, built originally as a farmhouse in 1719 at an intersection of two roads northwest of Philadelphia, not far from Valley Forge. The inn provided hospitality to travelers when the colony was just a scattering of farms. In part because of its location, it became a prosperous tavern, inn, and social center for the evolving community of the same name.
is the site of the only land battle on the North American continent during World War II. In June 1942, Japanese forces invaded Attu and other Aleautian islands. Americans feared the islands would be used as a staging area to attack the mainland. The U.S. had to regain the Aleutians at all costs.
looks at the role of servants at a 33-acre estate during the early 1900s. The 21-room mansion was built in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in the 1880s with a separate entrance, dining area, and stairs for servants. Servants cleaned house, supervised children, washed laundry, cooked meals, cared for the garden and farm animals, and maintained carriages and cars. Floor plans, photos, and diary excerpts are included.
provides an online tour of residential, commercial, industrial, and religious locations spanning more than 2 centuries of history. Through maps, descriptions, and photographs of places both famous and little-known, the guide shows why residents and visitors have become so fond of Baltimore.
recounts a small but important triumph in the summer of 1777. For two months, General John Burgoyne led his army along the Lake Champlain-Hudson River corridor, capturing several American forts. In August, however, finding himself in need of provisions, wagons, and horses, he sent a force to Bennington, Vermont, to capture these supplies. What happened there contributed to the British defeat at Saratoga and helped decide the outcome of the war.
shows how battlefield medical care developed during the Civil War, particularly in the Union Army.
describes how this American Revolution battle spurred colonial unity and sparked the formation of the Continental Army.
This site presents elements of the battle and its aftermath, including objects used by the soldiers, a lesson plan on the men's experiences, a history of the preservation efforts at the battlefield, and a database about Civil War soldiers
examines a Civil War battle known as the Gettysburg of the West. Texans invaded this mountain valley, intent on conquering New Mexico. Victory here would be a necessary prelude to detaching the western states from the Union and expanding the Confederacy to the Pacific Ocean. They were met by volunteers from Colorado along the canyon and ridge on 03/26, 1862. A three-day battle ensued, culminating in the Confederates retreating to Texas and the Confederate hopes of expanding west shattered.
illustrates how the war, when it moved to the rolling prairie of now eastern Oklahoma, divided Native Americans. It includes maps, soldiers' accounts of the battle, and illustrations.
looks at the decisive battle of the Creek War (1813-1814), where Andrew Jackson fought 1,000 American Indian warriors who were trying to regain autonomy. It examines the history of the battle and provides maps, images, and readings.
examines a pivotal World War II battle. In the spring of 1942, Japan attempted to establish a toehold in the Aleutian Islands, convert Midway into an air base for invading Hawaii, and lure the U.S. Pacific Fleet into a final battle that would finish it off. The Japanese fleet depended on radio codes that codebreakers in Hawaii and Washington, D.C. worked around the clock to interpret. This website tells how they broke the code and ended Japan's advance across the Pacific.
focuses on a key Civil War battle to demonstrate how both the Union and the Confederacy attempted to win the loyalty of the citizens of Kentucky. The site presents maps, readings from Northern and Southern perspectives, and drawings and photographs about the battle, weather, and weapons.
tells how long-standing prejudices and the Revolutionary War unleashed massive bloodshed among inhabitants of New York's Mohawk Valley. Located in rich farmland and at a strategic point in a fur trade route, the valley had been settled by European immigrants who had prospered from productive farms and lucrative trade. As war broke out, everyone had to choose sides: Rebel or Tory. It was not easy for many. Five hundred years of unity among the Six Nations was broken.
Bears of Yellowstone, Yellowstone Electronic Field Trip presents 40 photos of grizzlies and black bears fishing, traveling with their cubs, and in various other activities and habitats.
The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) is prime grizzly and black bear habitat. GYE encompasses two national parks, portions of six national forests, three national wildlife refuges, private and state lands, tribal lands, and Bureau of Land Management holdings. Its18 million acres (28,315 square miles) are approximately the same land area as the state of West Virginia! Many factors determine the long-term survival of bears in this vast area. They include proper food sources, open spaces that are free of human development, diversity of landscapes, and sound bear management practices.
Climb aboard our virtual bus, look through its windows into wonderland, and experience the Bears of Yellowstone. Simply open your mind, post your questions on the message board, and see for yourselves how and why Yellowstone National Park is one of the last remaining strongholds of the magnificent grizzly bear in the lower 48 states. Truly, this is one field trip that "bears" a closer look and can save not only a bear's life, but your own!
looks at this area (along the Lehigh River) that became the center of industry and community for Moravians, a Protestant group that migrated to colonial America seeking opportunity and the chance to spread their religious beliefs.
takes students to JFK's birthplace and to the neighborhood where he grew up. It was here that JFK's parents began instilling the high standards and ambition that would make the Kennedys one of America's most famous families. Students can investigate the Kennedy's family traditions, values, and interests to consider how family culture and community shapes one's character and personality.
describes five cases the Supreme Court agreed to hear in 1952 under one title: Brown v. Board of Education. The cases originated in Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Each contested the separate but equal doctrine of the Court's 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which by the 1950s had resulted in 17 states requiring racial segregation in public schools and 4 states allowing it.
features Monroe Elementary, the school attended in 1950 by third grader Linda Brown. Because she was black, Brown was barred from attending a white school much closer to her home. The cases brought by father and others led to the Supreme Court's unanimous decision in 1954 that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
looks at the history of this area in Utah known for its hoodoos -- limestones, sandstones, and mudstones that have been carved by erosion into spectacular spires, fins, and pinnacles.
features one of the oldest surviving textile mill complexes in the U.S. Learn how technology revolutionized the textile-manufacturing industry, and, in turn, affected mill architecture, city planning, and transportation.
helps students realize the role canals played in western expansion and in the evolution of transportation by focusing on the construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Students can read about George Washington's influence on the C & O Canal and the men and women who worked on or lived near canal.
looks at an area that was once part of an Indian village, then an outpost shelter for vaqueros (cowhands), and then the site where Californios (Spanish settlers in what is now the state of California) built small adobe dwellings in the midst of their cattle ranges. Successive owners altered one dwelling into the elegant 18-room ranch house there today -- Rancho Los Alamitos.
features a recreational demonstration area in western Maryland where land had been purchased during the 1930's to be transformed into a productive recreation area that would help put people back to work during the Great Depression.
This site depicts a small trading and farming community in far southwest Texas, near the border with Mexico (in the southwest corner of today's Big Bend National Park). Castolon was a farming, ranching, and storekeeping partnership at Camp Santa Helena, established after the end of the Mexican Revolution (1920).
This lesson is a tool to demonstrate how various technological advances have changed the tomato and the tomato industry over the years. The technology includes both selective breeding and genetic engineering.
explores Central Vermont's history using 43 historic places that recall past eras when numerous small villages grew slowly until the coming of the railroad, which resulted in a period of rapid growth for Vermont in the last half of the 19th century.
helps students see how geography and promotion combined to encourage the growth of Chattanooga, Tennessee, and how railroads shaped the organization and architecture of this and other cities from the mid-1800s to mid-1990s.
describes the work and estate of one of America's most important sculptors. Daniel Chester French (1850-1931) produced more than 100 works?the statue of Abraham Lincoln for the Lincoln Memorial?during a period when sculptors enjoyed high status. Models and sketches from the Lincoln project, which took nine years, are provided, as are photos of the farmhouse that he converted into his estate and workshop.