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General Chemistry I
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This survey chemistry course is designed to introduce students to the world ...

This survey chemistry course is designed to introduce students to the world of chemistry. In this course, we will study chemistry from the ground up, learning the basics of the atom and its behavior. We will apply this knowledge to understand the chemical properties of matter and the changes and reactions that take place in all types of matter. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Define the general term 'chemistry.' Distinguish between the physical and chemical properties of matter. Distinguish between mixtures and pure substances. Describe the arrangement of the periodic table. Perform mathematical operations involving significant figures. Convert measurements into scientific notation. Explain the law of conservation of mass, the law of definite composition, and the law of multiple proportions. Summarize the essential points of Dalton's atomic theory. Define the term 'atom.' Describe electron configurations. Draw Lewis structures for molecules. Name ionic and covalent compounds using the rules for nomenclature of inorganic compounds. Explain the relationship between enthalpy change and a reaction's tendency to occur. (Chemistry 101; See also: Biology 105. Mechanical Engineering 004)

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Assessment
Full Course
Homework/Assignment
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Reading
Syllabus
Textbook
Provider:
The Saylor Foundation
Is There Life in Space?
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In this investigation, students will explore the question: Can there be life ...

In this investigation, students will explore the question: Can there be life outside of Earth? Students will use planet hunting models to discover how scientists find new planets and perform simulated spectroscopic measurements to determine if the chemical requirements for life are present.

Subject:
Engineering
Education
Life Science
Astronomy
Physics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Diagram/Illustration
Interactive
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Concord Consortium
Provider Set:
Concord Consortium Collection NGSS Aligned Records
Author:
The Concord Consortium
Mars Mineral Spectroscopy Database
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This website presents an easily accessible data set of Mossbauer spectra of ...

This website presents an easily accessible data set of Mossbauer spectra of minerals. This data set was compiled from minerals collected from various sources here on Earth for comparison to minerals thought to exist on Mars. The site provides information about various types of spectroscopy, with an emphasis on Mossbauer spectroscopy. The website features data, tutorials, mineral descriptions, and databases.

Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Mars Mineral Spectroscopy Database
Provider Set:
Mt. Holyoke College
Multiwavelength Astronomy: Gamma Ray Science
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Dieter Hartmann, a high-energy physicist, presents a story-based lesson on the science ...

Dieter Hartmann, a high-energy physicist, presents a story-based lesson on the science of Gamma-Ray astronomy. The lesson focuses on gamma-ray bursts; examining their sources, types, and links to the origin and evolution of the Universe. The story-based format of the lesson also provides insights into the nature of science. Students answer questions based on the reading guide. A list of supplemental websites is also included.

Subject:
Physics
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
NASA
Provider Set:
NASA Wavelength
Organic Chemistry II
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This course is a continuation of Organic Chemistry I. The student will ...

This course is a continuation of Organic Chemistry I. The student will focus on four most important classes of reactions: electrophilic substitution at aromatic rings, nucleophilic addition at carbonyl compounds, hydrolysis of carboxylic acids, and carbon-carbon bond formation using enolates. The enolate portion of this course will cover the reactivity of functional groups. The student will also look at synthetic strategies for making simple, small organic molecules, using the knowledge of organic chemistry accumulated thus far. This course also introduces biological molecules, including carbohydrates, peptides and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, from a molecular perspective. The student will learn how chemical reactions, especially oxidation and reduction reactions, form the basis of all life. Note that in biology, the student would study the functionality of these structures by asking, 'How do they operate?' whereas in the field of organic chemistry, the student will ask: 'What are they made of?' The student will conclude this course with a unit on spectroscopy. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Identify the chemistry and basic mechanisms of the following functional groups: ethers, epoxides, thiols, sulfides, benzene, amines, aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids and their derivatives; Plan the synthesis of unsymmetrical ethers, amines, and carboxylic acid derivatives (esters, amides, etc.); Predict the product(s) of an electrophilic addition reaction involving conjugated dienes; Use the Diels-Alder reaction on conjugated dienes to form new carbon-carbon bonds and chiral centers of a desired configuration (R or S); Determine whether a molecule is aromatic, non-aromatic, or anti-aromatic; Indicate the position in which an electrophile will be added on an aromatic ring, given the other substituents present; Identify the products and mechanisms of electrophilic and nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions; Demonstrate mastery of enolate chemistry and techniques for C-C bond formation; Plan the synthesis of simple molecules using the reactions learned throughout both the Organic Chemistry I and Organic Chemistry II courses; Describe the chemistry associated with biological molecules such as amino acids, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates; Identify different monosaccharides, disaccharides, aldoses, and ketoses, as well as reducing and non-reducing carbohydrates; Identify the twenty naturally occurring amino acids and describe the mechanisms associated with peptide cleavage and synthesis; Use spectroscopy (mass spectrometry, UV-Vis spectrometry, infrared spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance) to characterize an organic molecule. (Chemistry 104; See also: Biology 108)

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
The Saylor Foundation
Physical Chemistry
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Physical Chemistry is the application of physical principles and measurements to understand ...

Physical Chemistry is the application of physical principles and measurements to understand the properties of matter, as well as for the development of new technologies for the environment, energy and medicine. Advanced Physical Chemistry topics include different spectroscopic methods (Raman, ultrafast and mass spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic and electron paramagnetic resonance, x-ray absorption and atomic force microscopy) as well as theoretical and computational tools to provide atomic-level understanding for applications such as: nanodevices for bio-detection and receptors, interfacial chemistry of catalysis and implants, electron and proton transfer, protein function, photosynthesis and airborne particles in the atmosphere.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
U.C. Davis
Provider Set:
ChemWiki
Science of Spectroscopy
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Spectroscopy education wiki and films - introduction to light, its uses in ...

Spectroscopy education wiki and films - introduction to light, its uses in NASA, space science, astronomy, medicine & health, environmental research, and consumer products. Supported by NASA.

Subject:
Film and Music Production
Physics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Full Course
Lesson Plan
Student Guide
Provider:
iLumina
Provider Set:
iLumina Digital Library
Author:
Mr. Stewart Mader
A Spectral Mystery
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Students use the spectrographs from the "Building a Fancy Spectrograph" activity to ...

Students use the spectrographs from the "Building a Fancy Spectrograph" activity to gather data about light sources. Using their data, they make comparisons between different light sources and make conjectures about the composition of a mystery light source.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP),
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado at Boulder
Spectrophotometry, Spectroscopy, and Protein Determinations
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We are all well aware of the composition of the world -atoms ...

We are all well aware of the composition of the world -atoms form molecules, compound become more complex, and the organization of these atoms into materials with unique structures is what brings about life. As scientists though, we must study these substances , which presents a challenge. How do we study something so incredibly small? One of the simplest methods is spectrophotometry. Different molecules will interact with light in different ways. By studying this, we can quantitatively say both how much light a compound absorbs as well as what kind of light. Certain functional groups tend to absorb light at certain wavelengths, giving "peaks" to the spectrum of light absorption. This lab demonstrates basic principles of absorbance, measured using spectrophotometers.

Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
OER Commons
Provider Set:
Open Author Resources
Author:
Cody Taylor
Spectroscopy
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Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation. ...

Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation. Molecules respond to different types of radiation in different ways, depending on the frequency - or wavelength - of the radiation. This one-semester course is designed to provide you with a more thorough description of the theory behind each spectroscopic technique as well as its applications. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Discuss similarities and differences between spectrometry and spectroscopy; Identify the basic components of spectroscopic instrumentation; Demonstrate a working knowledge of mass spectroscopy (MS), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy; Describe how a mass spectrometer produces its spectral patterns; Explain the information obtained from a UV-Vis spectrophotometer and how it can be used for analysis; Illustrate the mechanisms that give rise to the infrared absorption bands and identify to which functional groups each correspond; Demonstrate an understanding of the processes responsible for NMR chemical shifts and splitting patterns; Elucidate the structures of organic molecules from spectral data. (Chemistry 205)

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
The Saylor Foundation
Studying the Aurora australis from Antarctica
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This article describes early studies of the auroras, including techniques used from ...

This article describes early studies of the auroras, including techniques used from 1960 when Henry Brecher first spent the winter at Byrd Station in Antarctica.

Subject:
Engineering
Education
Physics
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Carol Landis
Using a Fancy Spectrograph
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Students use the spectrograph from the "Building a Fancy Spectrograph" activity to ...

Students use the spectrograph from the "Building a Fancy Spectrograph" activity to gather data about different light sources. Using the data, they make comparisons between the light sources and make conjectures about the composition of these sources.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Emily Gill (later addition)
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP),
LASP (primary author)
Using Spectral Data to Explore Saturn and Titan
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Students use authentic spectral data from the Cassini mission of Saturn and ...

Students use authentic spectral data from the Cassini mission of Saturn and Saturn's moon, Titan, gathered by instrumentation developed by engineers. Taking these unknown data, and comparing it with known data, students determine the chemical composition of Saturn's rings and Titan's atmosphere.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP),
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado at Boulder