This video from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is from the 2007 Holiday Lectures on Science: "AIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic." Bisola O. Ojikutu, M.D., M.P.H. discusses antiretroviral therapy in AIDS and HIV. The video is available as an indexed video with synchronized slides or webcast video only. Both require RealPlayer. The video is 58 minutes and 31 seconds long and there are 91 slides.
As emissions of heat-trapping bases accumulate in our atmosphere, Earth's polar regions are warming more quickly than at lower latitudes. The rapid environmental changes that result from this warming can have a significant impact on the physical and mental health of rural Alaskans: unpredictable weather and changes in the seasons have made harvesting food more difficult, hazardous, and stressful. The risk of physical injury has also increased, as poor ice, extreme weather, and coastal erosion bring new travel hazards. Increasingly difficult harvest conditions for fish, shellfish, berries, caribou, and sea mammals have also increased concerns about food security. Additionally, declines in snow pack, the threat of drought, changes in lake and river conditions, and damage and disruptions to community water systems have prompted concerns of water security. The climate-related challenge faced by Alaskas tribal health system is to recognize new health stressors and community vulnerabilities, and then find healthy adaptation strategies in an increasingly uncertain future.
The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is to use the Internet to explore how the immune system functions in a variety of allergic reactions. In middle school, students should have had experiences studying the healthy functioning of the human body. In high school, students should relate their knowledge of normal body functioning to situations in which functioning is impaired due to environmental or hereditary causes. Also at this level, students should try to find explanations for diseases in physiological, molecular, or system terms. Since the primary purpose of this lesson is to explore the role of immune responses in allergic reactions, students should already have a working knowledge of body systems, and the immune system in particular.
These 3 lessons are for high ABE/low ASE students at a level D-E Reading level to practice identifying key points in video and text and analyzing the causes and effects of social issues, and identifying solutions to these problems. By watching two short videos and reading EPA materials on the effects of lead exposure and a short article on the specific drinking water crisis in Flint, MI, students will examine key issues, analyze the problem and its causes, identify approaches to solving this problem and ones like it in other locations, and apply this approach to other scenarios that are relevant to their immediate lives.
Healthcare professionals around the world are experiencing increasing pressures from patients, communities, governments and payers to demonstrate value. Controlling costs, providing high quality outcomes, assuring access, and enhancing patient satisfaction have become leading issues. In addition, services increasingly are provided within the context of multi-disciplinary teams and complex organizational and financial arrangements. Fiscal and other resource constraints abound. Meeting these challenges within healthcare settings requires leadership and managerial skills in addition to clinical expertise.
This seminar-style course challenges students to look closely at the environment of Baltimore City's complex food systems and to consider what it would take to improve these systems to assure access for all to nutritious, adequate, affordable and sustainably produced food. Students "go backstage" with tour guides at sites including a supermarket, a corner store, an emergency food distribution center, and a farm connected to the city school system. Students learn about the types of food available at these sites, who uses them, relevant aspects of their operations, and site-relevant key barriers to and opportunities for providing access to healthier food, ideally with reduced environmental harm. They also conduct oral history interviews about food with elderly city residents to understand how food access has changed over the years. Class discussions, lectures, readings, and guest speakers support critical thinking, and provide background and frameworks for understanding the experiential sessions. Lectures and discussions consider applicability of lessons gained from the study of Baltimore to other area food systems. Throughout, students consider the relative impacts of access, demand, and stakeholder interests, and consider the relative strengths of voluntary, governmental, legal and other strategies. For their final papers, students apply the Intervention Decision Matrix to selected aspects of the city's food systems and food environments, identifying challenges and opportunities for change, incorporating lessons learned from other food systems and programs, and discussing implications beyond Baltimore .
This presentation examines the various biological agents that terrorists could use against food or water supplies. This presentation's content is part of a non-credit, professional development training generated by JHSPH faculty and the Johns Hopkins Center for Public Health Preparedness. The OCW version of this presentation comprises slides only.
This course provides a broad understanding of the application of biostatistics in a regulatory context. Reviews the relevant regulations and guidance documents. Includes topics such as basic study design, target population, comparison groups, and endpoints. Addresses analysis issues with emphasis on the regulatory aspects, including issues of missing data and informative censoring. Discusses safety monitoring, interim analysis and early termination of trials with a focus on regulatory implications.
When a pregnant woman doesn't take care of herself, you might expect her baby to suffer from birth defects or childhood illnesses. But what happens when her baby grows up? In this Science Update, you'll hear about a recent study that suggests that malnutrition in the womb can come back to haunt you well into adulthood.
Building on lessons learned over several summers, Kristin Raab—Health Impact Assessment and Climate Change Program Director in the Environmental Health Division of Minnesota’s Department of Health—packaged information from diverse communities into a cohesive toolkit that communities of all sizes can use to prepare for heat waves. The Minnesota Extreme Heat Toolkit describes changing weather conditions in Minnesota, the magnitude of potential health consequences from extreme heat, and key steps communities can take to prevent heat-related illnesses and deaths. The toolkit acknowledges that extreme heat response plans will vary with the size of the community and the habits of its residents: examples from the mostly rural Olmsted County and the urban centers of Saint Paul and Minneapolis illustrate a range of community plans that could be useful in Minnesota and beyond.
This task was developed by high school and postsecondary mathematics and health sciences educators, and validated by content experts in the Common Core State Standards in mathematics and the National Career Clusters Knowledge & Skills Statements. It was developed with the purpose of demonstrating how the Common Core and CTE Knowledge & Skills Statements can be integrated into classroom learning - and to provide classroom teachers with a truly authentic task for either mathematics or CTE courses.
In this course, we will seek to interpret capitalism using ideas from biological evolution: firms pursuing varied strategies and facing extinction when those strategies fail are analogous to organisms struggling for survival in nature. For this reason, it is less concerned with ultimate judgment of capitalism than with the ways it can be shaped to fit our more specific objectives for the natural environment, public health, alleviation of poverty, and development of human potential in every child. Each book we read will be explicitly or implicitly an argument about good and bad consequences of capitalism.
This course introduces students to the origins, concepts, and development of community-based primary health care through case studies from both developing and developed countries. As in clinical bedside teaching, we use real cases to help students develop problem-solving skills in practical situations. We also discuss participatory approaches in the organization and management of health services and other factors such as equity, socio-cultural change, environmental protection, and the process of community empowerment.Included among this course's lecture materials are several recorded presentations by Carl Taylor, a giant in the field of international health. Dr. Taylor recorded the presentations for this course in January of 2008, just 2 years before he passed away in February of 2010.
The objective of this presentation is to use three illustrative case studies to reinforce basic concepts and principles of terrorism preparedness and response, as well as to identify some specific practical considerations. These case studies will illustrate: (1) Plausible scenarios, (2) Typical first response activities, (3) Critical issues on-the-fly, and (4) Considerations for planning.
The Center for Health and Health Care in Schools supports the good health of children and adolescents by working with parents, teachers, health professionals and school administrators to strengthen successful health programs at school.This web site combines information on key school health issues with guidance on organizational and financing challenges. High-quality school health programs are the most direct, efficient ways to assure that all children get the help they need to lead healthy and productive lives.
This course focuses on the core processes of growth and development in early to middle childhood. Considers developmental theories, issues and research findings related to physical growth and cognitive, emotional, and social development. Considers appropriate instruments to assess growth and development. Evaluates efficacy of popular early intervention programs designed to enhance development in at-risk populations of children.
A recent report in the journal Pediatrics questioned the effectiveness of over-the-counter children's cough medicines. In this Science Update, you'll hear more about the study, and why some medicines may have escaped this sort of rigorous testing.
In this lecture, Professor Brieger discusses some of the lessons he learned during his 26-year experience working in Nigeria and his subsequent work with a wider variety of African nations, focusing on on tropical diseases and their associated social, cultural, and behavioral aspects.
In the first part of the lesson, students calculate their yearly exposure rate to harmful high-energy radiation and cumulative effects over time. They then use the information to evaluate the various sources of radiation that are of greatest concern for them. In the second part of the lesson, students learn that spacecraft and other objects in space must be concerned with the same kinds of radiation to which humans are exposed. The MESSENGER spacecraft will orbit Mercury and be subjected to much more intense solar radiation than it would near Earth. Students discuss the notion that even though some of the radiation is needed to study the properties of the planet, too much of it can be quite damaging.
This lecture series features faculty who have been recently promoted to Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. In these presenteations, the lecturers address challenging public health issues of the day and report on lessons learned from their own research and experience in the field.
This seven minute, forty second video from Howard Hughes Medical Institute shows a live demonstration of how a rapid antibody-based HIV test works. This video is available in QuickTime (MOV) and Windows Media (WMV) formats, and is featured on the 2007 Holiday Lecture DVD, AIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic. This and other video is available for free at: http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/disease/video.html.
This four minute, 18 second video from Howard Hughes Medical Institute shows how using tic tac mints and kool-aid as anti-HIV drug stand-ins, students experience the challenges of adhering to an antiretroviral regimen.
This lesson, provided by Science NetLinks, teaches students the importance of healthy ecosystems by investigating the example of natural water purification. Students will learn how ecosystems remove pollution from the water and how much it costs humans to do this artificially once ecosystems are no longer healthy. The class will then create a "River Newspaper" reporting on the condition of the local environment.
This course examines and teaches ways in which education can be subtly but effectively worked into both new and time-honored genres of entertainment to foster positive behavior change and life improvement in both developing countries and local environments. The course develops students' ability to understand the ingredients of successful entertainment (emotions, empathy, efficacy and empowerment) and how these ingredients can be employed to enhance social and personal health and life skills. Examines methodology and develops skills needed to create a successful Entertainment-Education (E-E) project in entertainment (story, drama, etc.) formats with effective behavior change messages.
This course consists of an international analysis of the impact of epidemic diseases on western society and culture from the bubonic plague to HIV/AIDS and the recent experience of SARS and swine flu. Leading themes include: infectious disease and its impact on society; the development of public health measures; the role of medical ethics; the genre of plague literature; the social reactions of mass hysteria and violence; the rise of the germ theory of disease; the development of tropical medicine; a comparison of the social, cultural, and historical impact of major infectious diseases; and the issue of emerging and re-emerging diseases.
Lectures and small group discussions focus on ethical theory and current ethical issues in public health and health policy, including resource allocation, the use of summary measures of health, the right to health care, and conflicts between autonomy and health promotion efforts. Student evaluation based on class participation, a group project, and a paper evaluating ethical issues in the student's area of public health specialization.
This Science NetLinks lesson introduces students to the ethical implications of using our growing knowledge about the human genome to improve our personal and public health. Students will be asked to consider numerous ethical issues related to genetic testing and will find that there are no easy answers. Most importantly, students will learn that there is no one "answer" to an ethical question; rather, there exist a multitude of perspectives that must be taken into account. Ultimately, students will learn that making an ethical choice requires scientific knowledge and rational inquiry.
This lecture addresses the evaluation challenges posed by observational studies, paying particular attention to the cardiovascular implications raised by recent HAART research.
This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file.
As taught in Autumn Semester 2009/10
The 'Evaluation Techniques' module is one of the core modules taught on the Masters in Public Health which is offered by the Division of Epidemiology and Public Health at The University of Nottingham. This resource includes an overview of the module, a recommended reading list that supports the module and 3 of the 7 lectures that are delivered.
Suitable for study at Masters Level.
Dr Puja R Myles, School of Community Health Sciences - Epidemiology an Public Health
Dr. Puja Myles is an Associate Professor of Health Protection and Epidemiology at the University of Nottingham. She trained as a dentist at Panjab University, India and worked as a dentist in India before completing her specialist training in Public Health in the East Midlands. She completed a doctorate in Epidemiology at the University of Nottingham. She is currently part of the Health Protection Research Group at Nottingham and her research is primarily in respiratory disease epidemiology. She is also interested in evaluation methods and is currently involved in some public health service evaluations.
This five minute, forty second video from Howard Hughes Medical Institute showcases Dr. Michael Gottlieb, the first physician to notice the new disease of AIDS. This free video is available in QuicktTime (MOV) and Windows Media formats. It is part of the 2007 Holiday Lectures DVD, AIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic, available free from HHMI. This and other infectious disease videos are available at: http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/disease/video.html.
This course provides an understanding of the complex and challenging public health issue of food security and in a world where one billion people are under-nourished while another billion are overweight. Explores the connections among diet, the current food and food animal production systems, the environment and public health, considering factors such as economics, population and equity. Case studies are used to examine these complex relationships and as well as alternative approaches to achieving both local and global food security and the important role public health can play. Guest lecturers include experts from a variety of disciplines and experiences.
This book is intended to provide a basic introduction to epidemiologic methods and epidemiologic thinking. After reading this book, you should be able to read an epidemiologic study, understand what the authors did and why, and identify what they found. You will also have the tools to assess the quality of that study—how good is the evidence? What are potential sources of bias, and how might those have affected the results? This book will not teach you enough to be able to design and conduct your own epidemiologic studies—that level of understanding requires several years of specialized training. However, being able to read and understand the scientific literature about human health will allow you to apply that understanding to your own work in a nuanced, sophisticated way.
This course presents the overarching framework, principles, and core responsibilities of public health research and practice from a multidisciplinary perspective. The course also provides the necessary foundation for further studies toward advanced cross-cutting approaches essential for public health practice.
In this activity, students will use a tutorial on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's website to learn about how surface water is treated to make it safe to drink.
Fundamentals of Epidemiology I is the first half of a course that introduces the basic concepts of epidemiology and biostatistics as applied to public health problems. Emphasis is placed on the principles and methods of epidemiologic investigation, appropriate summaries and displays of data, and the use of classical statistical approaches to describe the health of populations. Topics include the dynamic behavior of disease; usage of rates, ratios and proportions; methods of direct and indirect adjustment, and clinical life table which measures and describes the extent of disease problems.
Fundamentals of Epidemiology I and II introduce the basic concepts of epidemiology and biostatistics as applied to public health problems. Emphasis is placed on the principles and methods of epidemiologic investigation, appropriate summaries and displays of data, and the use of classical statistical approaches to describe the health of populations. Fundamentals of Epidemiology II focuses on various epidemiologic study designs for investigating associations between risk factors and disease outcomes, culminating with criteria for causal inferences. The application of these disciplines in the areas of health services, screening, genetics, and environment policy are presented. The influence of epidemiology and biostatistics on legal and ethical issues are also discussed.
This e-learning package has been developed by Makarious Awad as part of his B.Med.Sci. project that was conducted in the Division of Public Health and Epidemiology in the University of Nottingham. This project was supervised by Drs. Heather Roberts and Puja Myles. Technical supervision was provided by Nicki Keating and the package was revised and edited for publication on UNOW by Dr. Sudhir Venkatesan.
2) Target Audience
The e-learning package was mainly aimed at undergraduate medical students, but assumes no prior knowledge on the topic. This makes it suitable for anyone with a basic understanding of public health principles and health education. Individuals from other disciplinary backgrounds wishing to gain a broad understanding of genocide and public health would also benefit from this e-learning package.
3) About Makarious
Makarious is a medical student at the University of Nottingham. He joined Medical School because of his passion for medicine and later became interested in Public Health. Makarious is a passionate advocate for increasing awareness of health inequalities and the recognition that human rights and health are inseparable. He recognises the role of Public Health in educating the public, health professionals and key policy makers on these issues.