Everyone has their own view of the nature of consciousness based on their education and background. The intention of this book is to expand this view by providing an insight into the various ideas and beliefs on the subject as well as a review of current work in neuroscience. The neuroscientist should find the philosophical discussion interesting because this provides first-person insights into the nature of consciousness and also provides some subtle arguments about why consciousness is not a simple problem. The student of philosophy will find a useful introduction to the subject and information about neuroscience and physics that is difficult to acquire elsewhere.
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Host Harry Kreisler welcomes neurobiologist Christof Koch for a discussion of what biology can tell us about consciousness. He discusses the framework for defining the problem which he developed with Nobel Laureate Francis Crick. He reflects on the ongoing revolution in our understanding of the brain and how technology is impacting the transformation of our neuronal correlates of consciousness. He also discusses the implications of his research for our understanding of manŐs place in the universe. (49 min)
This textbook presents core concepts common to introductory courses. The 15 units cover the traditional areas of intro-to-psychology; ranging from biological aspects of psychology to psychological disorders to social psychology. This book can be modified: feel free to add or remove modules to better suit your specific needs.
This book includes a comprehensive instructor's manual, PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, reading anticipation guides, and adaptive student quizzes.
- Material Type:
- Diener Education Fund
- Provider Set:
- Cara Laney
- David M. Buss
- David Watson
- Edward Diener
- Elizabeth F. Loftus
- Emily Hooker
- George Loewenstein
- Henry L. Roediger III
- Jeanne Tsai
- Kathleen B. McDermott
- Mark E. Bouton
- Max H. Bazerman
- Richard E. Lucas
- Robert Siegler
- Robert V. Levine
- Ross Thompson
- Sarah Pressman
- Sudeep Bhatia
- Susan T. Fiske
- Yoshihisa Kashima
- Date Added:
During dreams, the logical part of the brain is shut off, this is for one reason: fun. The point of dreams is to relax and have fun, which is why they are directly tied in with your emotions, because emotion equals fun.
Dreams are emotional, not logical, and therefore they don’t directly reflect your thoughts and what you actually believe, but an emotional representation of those thoughts. This means that dreams don’t always reflect what you’re thinking, but more likely what you are feeling.
Advances in cognitive science have resolved, clarified, and sometimes complicated some of the great questions of Western philosophy: what is the structure of the world and how do we come to know it; does everyone represent the world the same way; what is the best way for us to act in the world. Specific topics include color, objects, number, categories, similarity, inductive inference, space, time, causality, reasoning, decision-making, morality and consciousness. Readings and discussion include a brief philosophical history of each topic and focus on advances in cognitive and developmental psychology, computation, neuroscience, and related fields. At least one subject in cognitive science, psychology, philosophy, linguistics, or artificial intelligence is required. An additional project is required for graduate credit.
The NOBA Project is a growing collection of expert-authored, open-licensed modules in psychology, funded by the Diener Education Fund. From these open modules, Tori Kearns and Deborah Lee created an arranged open textbook for her introductory psychology class. This textbook was created under a Round One ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.
As global consumers, how do we impact the environment, and communities around the world? Students will learn more about sustainable management practices and what certification on agricultural goods actually means.
What do one mathematician, one artist, and one musician all have in common? Are you interested in Zen Buddhism, math, fractals, logic, paradoxes, infinities, art, language, computer science, physics, music, intelligence, consciousness and unified theories? Get ready to chase me down a rabbit hole into Douglas Hofstadter's Pulitzer Prize winning book Gĺ_del, Escher, Bach.
What is the difference between confidence and bravery? If people are happy when they are confident, what then is the difference between happiness and confidence?
What is consciousness? How does the brain generate consciousness and how can a science of the mind describe and explain it adequately? This unit will introduce you to the slippery phenomenon that is consciousness, as well as some of the difficulties consciousness presents to science and philosophy.
Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Mind (edited by Heather Salazar) surveys the central themes in philosophy of mind and places them in a historical and contemporary context intended to engage first-time readers in the field. It focuses on debates about the status and character of the mind and its seemingly subjective nature in an apparently more objective world.
Written by experts and emerging researchers in their subject areas, each chapter brings clarity to complex material and involves the reader through a wealth of examples. Many chapters include applications of the concepts to film and literature that will stimulate readers to firmly grasp the significance of the philosophy of mind. Subjects covered are how the mind fits into the material world and how to analyze its properties. In that vein, substance dualism, materialism, behaviorism, functionalism, and property dualism are all explored.
In addition, it includes insightful contributions on how to explain seemingly subjective feelings, the mystery of consciousness, conceptual understanding of the world outside of the mind, and free will. The book is designed to be used alone or alongside a reader of historical and contemporary original sources.
If you are adopting or adapting this book for a course, please let us know on our adoption form for the Introduction to Philosophy open textbook series: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdwf2E7bRGvWefjhNZ07kgpgnNFxVxxp-iidPE5gfDBQNGBGg/viewform?usp=sf_link.
This course surveys the major areas of contemporary psychology and its application to everyday life. Students will focus on psychological methods of inquiry while exploring the biological, cognitive and sociocultural factors that influence behavior. Topics include, but are not limited to, biological basis of behavior, cognition, learning, human development, personality, motivations and emotions, states of consciousness, sensory processes and psychopathology.
This course is a survey of the scientific study of human nature, including how the mind works, and how the brain supports the mind. Topics include the mental and neural bases of perception, emotion, learning, memory, cognition, child development, personality, psychopathology, and social interaction. Students will consider how such knowledge relates to debates about nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self, and society.
This work presents the NSTP (Non – Spatial Thinking Process) theoretical (philosophy of mind) idealistic solution to the problem of Yang-Mills existence and mass gap, the millennium problem announced by the Clay Mathematics Institute. As stated by the institute, ‘Quantum Yang-Mills theory is now the foundation of most of elementary particle theory, and its predictions have been tested at many experimental laboratories, but its mathematical foundation is still unclear. The successful use of Yang-Mills theory to describe the strong interactions of elementary particles depends on a subtle quantum mechanical property called the "mass gap:" the quantum particles have positive masses, even though the classical waves travel at the speed of light. This property has been discovered by physicists from experiment and confirmed by computer simulations, but it still has not been understood from a theoretical point of view. Progress in establishing the existence of the Yang-Mills theory and a mass gap will require the introduction of fundamental new ideas both in physics and in mathematics.’ If the property of mass gap contradicts the special relativistic law that no massive entity can travel at the speed of light, the point of this work is to understand that special relativity is not fundamental to nature. The new physics required to solve the problem has essentially “an idealistic framework” and the new mathematics contains terms such as “non-spatial consciousness”. Though the problem is officially expressed in a conventional symbolic mathematical language, the appropriate solution necessarily has an unconventional superconceptual mathematical language, just as its radical non-spatial computational physics does.
The material universe is a gigantic machine, a computer, whose hardware exists in the form of non-spatial feelings or states of consciousness. The workings of this non-spatial universal computer are described in my NSTP (Non – Spatial Thinking Process) theory. The NSTP theory is based on 7 self-evident propositions and 3 conjectures. It thus provides a concrete mathematical basis for metaphysical idealism and brings out a non-spatial computational description of the material universe. The NSTP theory self-evidently states matter as non-spatial and the new revolutionary (universal) mechanics as non-spatial (computational). It portrays non-spatial (computational universal) mechanics and further proposes the 21st century revolution in science and physics.
Openstax Psychology for General Psychology classes. Presented by Dr. Mark Hatala, Professor of Psychology at Truman State University, these videos cover topics from the Openstax textbook for Psychology chapter by chapter.
This is a seminar on issues connected with the traditional "problem of other minds". In addition to reading some of the classic papers on other minds, we will look at recent work on related topics. There will be no lectures. Each week I will spend half an hour or so introducing the assigned reading, and the rest of the time will be devoted to discussion.
Topic 4: States of ConsciousnessTextbook readings: pp. 111-140.Watch: The Mind Hidden and Divided - is the fourteenth program in the DISCOVERING PSYCHOLOGY series. Based on the pioneering research of Sigmund Freud, this program explores how the events and experiences that take place in the subconscious manifest themselves in our conscious lives. You'll learn about repression, the distinction between discovered and false memory syndrome, hypnosis, and split-brain cases. ©2001 WGBH Educational Foundation All Rights ReservedWatch: The Mind - Series Homepage Produced by Colorado State University. 1999, all decriptions are from series website. Alcohol Addiction: Hereditary Factors (module 29)Deals with alcoholism, addiction, biological evidence for hereditary traits, and how science progresses through replication and the development of new technologies.Treating Drug Addiction: A Behavioral Approach (module 30)Provides an example of how drug therapies incorporate the results of research on several levels of behavior, and shows how patients learn to deal with environmental triggers for cravings.Watch: The Brain - Series Homepage Produced by Colorado State University. 1997, all decriptions are from series website.The Brain: Sleep and Circadian Rhythms (module 13) This module covers our natural rhythms and the stages that occur during sleep. It shows the brain's electrical activity over the course of a normal night's sleep, with its REM and non-REM cycles. The remainder of the module is devoted to an experiment conducted by Michel Siffre, a French cave explorer, in which Siffre spends seven months in a Texas cave. Without external cues, the body is shown to have its own built-in clock.The Brain: Sleep: Brain Functions (module 14)What is the purpose of sleep? This module sets out to answer this question by exploring the patterns of a woman's sleep and dream cycles in the setting of a sleep laboratory. Characteristics of the five stages of sleep and the typical 90-minute cycle are explained. The module also covers sleep disorders and the current techniques used to treat them.The Brain: REM Sleep and Dreaming (module 15)This module probes deeper issues relating to sleep and dreaming. The uniquely individual experience of dreaming requires researchers to look beyond conventional methods of study. Dream specialist Dr. J. Allan Hobson discusses the function of dreams, explaining his theory of the biological mechanism behind the phenomenon and reflecting on the contribution of dreaming to human creativity.*All descriptions come from Annenberg LearningLearning objectives:1. Define consciousness, circadian rhythm, melatonin, and jet lag.2. Define sleep and describe possible effects of insufficient sleep (sleep deprivation).3. Describe two theories (“adaptive” & “cognitive function”) about why we sleep.4. Describe the different stages of sleep.5. Describe the symptoms of various sleep disorders, such as insomnia, sleepwalking, REM sleep behavior disorder, sleep apnea and narcolepsy.6. Explain the difference between physical dependence and psychological dependence in “substance use disorders”.7. Delineate the different categories of commonly abused drugs. For each category describe potential effects of those drugs on mind and behavior.8. Define hypnosis and meditation, and explain their relationships to consciousness.
Psychology is designed to meet scope and sequence requirements for the single-semester introduction to psychology course. The book offers a comprehensive treatment of core concepts, grounded in both classic studies and current and emerging research. The text also includes coverage of the DSM-5 in examinations of psychological disorders. Psychology incorporates discussions that reflect the diversity within the discipline, as well as the diversity of cultures and communities across the globe.Senior Contributing AuthorsRose M. Spielman, Formerly of Quinnipiac UniversityContributing AuthorsKathryn Dumper, Bainbridge State CollegeWilliam Jenkins, Mercer UniversityArlene Lacombe, Saint Joseph's UniversityMarilyn Lovett, Livingstone CollegeMarion Perlmutter, University of Michigan
By the end of this section, you will be able to:Understand what is meant by consciousnessExplain how circadian rhythms are involved in regulating the sleep-wake cycle, and how circadian cycles can be disruptedDiscuss the concept of sleep debt
Students learn about psychology, beginning with a brief history of psychologists and their experimental methods. They then examine psychological concepts, such as personality theories, human development, and consciousness, including sleep, dreams, and psychoactive substances. Students also investigate social psychology and psychological disorders. They demonstrate their understanding by completing projects in which they play roles like teacher, parent, and psychologist.
No matter what you’re doing--solving homework, playing a video game, simply picking out a shirt--all of your actions and decisions relate to your consciousness. But as frequently as we use it, have you ever stopped to ask yourself: What really is consciousness? In this module, we discuss the different levels of consciousness and how they can affect your behavior in a variety of situations. As well, we explore the role of consciousness in other, “altered” states like hypnosis and sleep.
Personality psychology is the study of the development of personality, the effects of personality on important outcomes, and maladaptive personality characteristics. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Identify research methodologies involved in the science of personality psychology; Describe the purpose of comprehensive clinical theories in the field of personality psychology; Compare and contrast major classical theories of personality (i.e., humanism, psychoanalytic/psychodynamic, behaviorism, cognitive, and social-cognitive theories of personality); Describe the main concerns of trait theorists, the influential figures who helped develop this perspective, and the sequential development leading up to the current understanding of traits; Define the main components of the five-factor model of personality; Identify the theory, methodology, and main findings of the empirical journal articles assigned; Describe the important contributions of the biological/evolutionary perspective made to personality psychology; Describe the intrapersonal and interpersonal function of emotion as an expression of personality. (Psychology 405)
This course examines the recent philosophy of perception. Topics considered include transparency of experience, consciousness, sensory awareness, content of visual experience, thought ownership, thought disorders, schizophrenia, introspection, and sound. Questions raised by these topics include "Is there a perceptual relation?" and "What is a sound?". We explore these topics through reading, writing, and presentations by the instructors and guests.