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2009 Maize Genome Collection
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CC BY
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The authors of the research presented in this special collection used the first description of the B73 maize genome to probe some of the most intriguing questions in genetics and plant biology. Read about maize centromeres, new insights into transposon types and distribution, the abundance of very short FLcDNAs encoding predicted peptides, and many other "genetic jewels" contained herein.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Data Set
Primary Source
Provider:
Public Library of Science
Provider Set:
Biology and Life Sciences
Date Added:
04/11/2016
AMINO ACID FREQUENCY
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CC BY
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Introduction: Genetic information contained in mRNA is in the form of codons, sequences of three nucleotides, which are translated into amino acids which then combine to form proteins. At certain sites in a protein's structure, amino acid composition is not critical. Yet certain amino acids occur at such sites up to six times more often than other amino acids. In the 1960's, molecular biologists sought to determine if amino acid composition was a reflection of the genetic code or if certain amino acids were naturally selected as optimal.

Question: Are frequencies of particular amino acids simply a consequence of random permutations of the genetic code or instead a product of natural selection?

Supplement to 'The Genetic Code': https://cnx.org/contents/jVCgr5SL@15.43:aXYynRWE@10/15-1-The-Genetic-Code

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
University of Tennessee Knoxville
Provider Set:
The Institute for Environmental Modeling
Author:
L. Gross
M. Beals
S. Harrell
Date Added:
05/17/2019
Acquired or Inherited?  These are my genes!
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CC BY-NC-SA
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In this project, each student will be assigned to a group of three to four students. Each group will be given random character description cards. These characters will be treated as the first generation in a fictitious town. The cards will include specific genetic traits, skills, jobs, as well as reference if the character suffers from type 2 diabetes. Students will need to use the character cards to author and illustrate a short story about the fictitious town which follows at least three generations of the families in the cards. Students must also include pedigrees for a minimum of three traits as well as diabetes as evidence of inheritance.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Author:
Pam Oliveira
Date Added:
04/04/2019
American Chestnut Tree
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Educational Use
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This annotated slideshow adapted from KET's Electronic Field Trip to the Forest illustrates how blight decimated the American chestnut tree and the methods scientists use to identify and pollinate the remaining trees to create blight-resistant trees.

Subject:
Life Science
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Genetics
Material Type:
Interactive
Reading
Provider:
PBS LearningMedia
Provider Set:
Teachers' Domain
Author:
KET
The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Date Added:
08/25/2008
Antiparallel structure of DNA strands
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CC BY-NC-SA
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DNA is composed of two strands of nucleotides held together by hydrogen bonding. The strands each run from 5' to 3' and run in antiparallel, or opposite, directions from one another.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Sal Khan
Date Added:
07/16/2015
Avila OER: Biology
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CC BY-NC-SA
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OER | Biology Overview:

On this webpage you will find OER Biology textbooks along with supplemental materials and a few lecture videos.
The purpose of these discipline-specific webpages is to display content that might be of interest to faculty who are considering adopting open educational resources for use in their classes. This list of content is by no means exhaustive. The nature of open educational resources is very collaborative and it is in that spirit that we encourage any comments about the content featured on this page or recommendations of content that are not already listed here.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Textbook
Provider:
Avila University
Author:
Larry J. Kramer
Date Added:
04/26/2019
Bacteria Transformation
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Educational Use
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Students construct paper recombinant plasmids to simulate the methods genetic engineers use to create modified bacteria. They learn what role enzymes, DNA and genes play in the modification of organisms. For the particular model they work on, they isolate a mammal insulin gene and combine it with a bacteria's gene sequence (plasmid DNA) for production of the protein insulin.

Subject:
Engineering
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Kimberly Anderson
Matthew Zelisko
Date Added:
09/18/2014
The Benefits of Biodiversity
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Educational Use
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Students toss coins to determine what traits a set of mouse parents possess, such as fur color, body size, heat tolerance, and running speed. Then they use coin tossing to determine the traits a mouse pup born to these parents possesses. Then they compare these physical features to features that would be most adaptive in several different environmental conditions. Finally, students consider what would happen to the mouse offspring if those environmental conditions were to change: which mice would be most likely to survive and produce the next generation?

Subject:
Engineering
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Mary R. Hebrank
Date Added:
10/14/2015
Bio-Ethics Bites Lectures
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Bioethics is the study of the moral implications of new and emerging medical technologies and looks to answer questions such as selling organs, euthanasia and whether should we clone people. The series consists of a series of interviews by leading bioethics academics and is aimed at individuals looking to explore often difficult and confusing questions surrounding medical ethics. The series lays out the issue in a clear and precise way and looks to show all sides of the debate.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Arts and Humanities
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
University of Oxford
Provider Set:
University of Oxford Podcasts
Author:
Jonathan Wolf|Julian Savulescu|Jeff McMahan|Peter Singer|Nick Bostrom|Onora O'Neill|Jonathan Wolf|Tim Lewens|Hanna Pickard|Molly Crocket|Patricia Churchland
Date Added:
10/03/2011
Biology: DNA
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This 28-minute video lesson provides an introduction to DNA. [Biology playlist: Lesson 6 of 71].

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Salman Khan
Date Added:
05/18/2012
Bioservers
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This site contains user-friendly tools to launch DNA database searches, statistical analyses, and population modeling from a centralized workspace. Educational databases support investigations of an Alu insertion polymorphism on human chromosome 16 and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human mitochondrial control region.

Subject:
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Simulation
Provider:
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Provider Set:
Dolan DNA Learning Center
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Biotechnology: Can It Help in Making the Desert Green?
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This learning video introduces high school students to a topic they would not ordinarily study in school, biotechnology, and to different applications of biotechnology that relate to the main theme of the module - making the desert greener. After reviewing traditional methods used for manipulating plants to produce desired traits, students will learn about the methods of making transgenic plants. Dr. Ziad discusses a real world problem that is critical in his country, Jordan, where much of the land is desert. A prerequisite to this video lesson is some background in biology.

Subject:
Botany
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
MIT Learning International Networks Consortium
Provider Set:
M.I.T. Blossoms
Author:
Ziad W. Jaradat, PhD
Date Added:
06/11/2012
Biotechnology: Can It Help in Making the Desert Green?
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This learning video introduces high school students to a topic they would not ordinarily study in school, biotechnology, and to different applications of biotechnology that relate to the main theme of the module - making the desert greener. After reviewing traditional methods used for manipulating plants to produce desired traits, students will learn about the methods of making transgenic plants. Dr. Ziad discusses a real world problem that is critical in his country, Jordan, where much of the land is desert. A prerequisite to this video lesson is some background in biology.

Subject:
Botany
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT Blossoms
Author:
Ziad W. Jaradat, PhD
Date Added:
09/09/2015
Bird Beaks
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In this Science NetLinks lesson, students explore the relationship between a bird's beak and its ability to find food and survive in a given environment. Students learn about bird beaks through observation, both virtual and of local birds, and through a variety of games and activities.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Genetics
Zoology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
AAAS
Provider Set:
Science Netlinks
Date Added:
09/06/2007
Bug Hunt
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“Bug Hunt” uses NetLogo software and simulates an insect population that is preyed on by birds. There are six speeds of bugs from slow to fast and the bird tries to catch as many insects as possible in a certain amount of time. Students are able to see the results graphed as the average insect speed over time, the current bug population and the number of insects caught. There are two variations to try for the predator, one where the predator pursues the prey and one where the predator stays still and captures insects that pass nearby. In the first case the “bird” catches the slow insects and the faster ones survive, reproduce and pass genes on. The average speed of bug should increase over time. In the second case the faster bugs come near to the bird more often than the slow ones. The slow ones survive more, reproduce and pass their genes on.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Simulation
Provider:
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
Provider Set:
NGSS@NSTA
Author:
Wilensky, Uri
Date Added:
10/12/2015
CHI-SQUARE TEST
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CC BY
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Introduction: The chi-square test is a statistical test that can be used to determine whether observed frequencies are significantly different from expected frequencies. For example, after we calculated expected frequencies for different allozymes in the HARDY-WEINBERG module we would use a chi-square test to compare the observed and expected frequencies and determine whether there is a statistically significant difference between the two. As in other statistical tests, we begin by stating a null hypothesis (H0: there is no significant difference between observed and expected frequencies) and an alternative hypothesis (H1: there is a significant difference). Based on the outcome of the chi-square test we will either reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.

Question: How is the chi-square test used to compare samples or populations? What does a comparison of observed and expected frequencies tell us about these samples?

Supplement to 'Laws of Inheritance': https://cnx.org/contents/jVCgr5SL@15.43:8Zft46As@11/12-3-Laws-of-Inheritance

Subject:
Biology
Ecology
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
University of Tennessee Knoxville
Provider Set:
The Institute for Environmental Modeling
Author:
L. Gross
M. Beals
S. Harrell
Date Added:
05/17/2019
CK-12 Biology (CA Textbook)
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Submitted as part of the California Learning Resource Network (CLRN) Phase 3 Digital Textbook Initiative (CA DTI3), CK-12 Foundation’s high school Biology FlexBook covers cell biology, genetics, evolution, ecology, botany, zoology, and physiology. This digital textbook was reviewed for its alignment with California content standards.

Subject:
Biology
Ecology
Genetics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
CK-12 Foundation
Provider Set:
CK-12 FlexBook
Author:
Douglas Wilkin Ph.D.
Date Added:
02/16/2011
CK-12 Life Science Concepts for Middle School
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CC BY-SA
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CK-12’s Life Science delivers a full course of study in the life sciences for the middle school student, relating an understanding of the history, disciplines, tools, and modern techniques of science to the exploration of cell biology, molecular biology, genetics, evolution, prokaryotes, protists,fungi, plants, animals, invertebrates, vertebrates, human biology, and ecology. This digital textbook was reviewed for its alignment with California content standards.

Subject:
Biology
Ecology
Genetics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
CK-12 Foundation
Provider Set:
CK-12 FlexBook
Date Added:
11/29/2012
CK-12 Life Science For Middle School
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CC BY-SA
Rating
5.0 stars

CK-12’s Life Science delivers a full course of study in the life sciences for the middle school student, relating an understanding of the history, disciplines, tools, and modern techniques of science to the exploration of cell biology, genetics, evolution, prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, the animal kingdom, the human body, and ecology. This digital textbook was reviewed for its alignment with California content standards.

Subject:
Biology
Ecology
Genetics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
CK-12 Foundation
Provider Set:
CK-12 FlexBook
Author:
Douglas Wilkin, Ph.D.
Date Added:
02/29/2012
CRISPER Prokaryotic Antiviral Defense Mechanism
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CC BY-SA
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Barrangou and a team of researchers at Danisco first experimentally demonstrated the technique of CRISPR (Clusters of Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats). To fight off the infecting bacteriophages, the bacterial immume systems (CRISPR-Cas9) specifically target genomic sequences. Cas9 is an enzyme that cuts DNA which is associated with the specialized stretches of CRISPR DNA.
This figure clearly depicts how the bacterium protects itself from the infecting viruses (bacteriophages).

Subject:
Genetics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Author:
Theroid
Date Added:
09/13/2020
Can we clone extinct dinosaurs from DNA preserved in their fossils?
Restricted Use
Copyright Restricted
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Paleontologists and molecular biologists have searched for a couple of decades to find and replicate DNA from some non-avian dinosaur fossil. But to date, no results have been obtained, either from fossil bones or teeth preserved in sediments or from a fossil preserved in amber, as was done in the film, Jurassic Park.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
American Museum of Natural History
Provider Set:
American Museum of Natural History
Author:
American Museum of Natural History
Date Added:
10/01/2012
Catch Up on Tomato Technology
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This lesson is a tool to demonstrate how various technological advances have changed the tomato and the tomato industry over the years. The technology includes both selective breeding and genetic engineering.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
National Park Service
Date Added:
10/12/2015
Catch your Breath DNA
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CC BY-NC
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This lesson is a self contained lesson on DNA structure.  It will keep the students busy for days and days and even a week or more.  There is no associated lecture.  It requires no knowledge of DNA or biology or anything.  The learning objective is the structure of DNA and nothing more.DNA in cells is elegant in its simplicity.  Catch your breath DNA is elegant in its simplicity.  Both are made of four things and both can only go together in one way.The core of this cool lesson plan is a paper template.  The students will be coloring the bases and cutting them out.  They can only go together one way and the students will see that.The paper templates are made on an ordinary copy machine and the template is included in the literature.  The templates are copied front and back with a front and back template. But it is not great trick.  The download includes all information and there is a video for the teacher and a video for the kids.The lesson plan is suitable for all students, from 4th grade up.  It would be suitable for college as well.The documentation can be found here https://app.box.com/s/hlhung3gz5heqmno82yc0xwfs7zl2puhIt references the videos.  But the videos is here:https://youtu.be/1BiTYfTpTu4Licensed under Creative Commons ...mrphysh

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Author:
John Brigham
Date Added:
12/07/2016
Classifying Animals by Appearance Versus DNA Sequence
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CC BY-NC-SA
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4.0 stars

The topic of this video module is how to classify animals based on how closely related they are. The main learning objective is that students will learn how to make phylogenetic trees based on both physical characteristics and on DNA sequence. Students will also learn why the objective and quantitative nature of DNA sequencing is preferable when it come to classifying animals based on how closely related they are. Knowledge prerequisites to this lesson include that students have some understanding of what DNA is and that they have a familiarity with the base-pairing rules and with writing a DNA sequence.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT Blossoms
Author:
Megan E. Rokop
Date Added:
06/11/2012
Clipbirds
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This variation on the classic bird beak activity demonstrates variation of beak size within a population and shows how the proportion of big-, medium-, and small-beaked birds changes in response to the available types of food. The “birds” with binder clip “beaks” live in Clipland where the large population becomes divided into two smaller populations by a mountain range. Popcorn, lima beans and marbles are the three types of food available in the two areas. Food is spread out for the birds to eat and then after 15 seconds it is counted to see whether birds have gathered enough food to survive. The big billed birds need to eat more than the medium and small billed birds to survive and each bird needs to eat more than the minimum amount of food for survival to be able to reproduce. Four years pass during the simulation and students are asked to describe what happened to the Clipbird populations and what they think caused the changes. A link to Rosemary and Peter Grant’s research on finch populations in the Galapagos is identified for those teachers who want to connect the simulation to a real life example.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
Provider Set:
NGSS@NSTA
Author:
Al Janulaw, Judy Scotchmoor
Date Added:
10/12/2015
Co-dominance and Incomplete Dominance
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In complete dominance, only one allele in the genotype is seen in the phenotype. In codominance, both alleles in the genotype are seen in the phenotype. In incomplete dominance, a mixture of the alleles in the genotype is seen in the phenotype.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Ross Firestone
Date Added:
06/16/2014
Color-Coded DNA
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Many people now get their DNA tested for hereditary diseases, including Huntington's Disease and some cancers. But soon, DNA may also be used to diagnose infectious diseases, from salmonella to HIV. In this Science Update, you'll hear about a developing technology that could make this possible.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lecture
Provider:
AAAS
Provider Set:
Science Netlinks
Date Added:
04/30/2006
Color Variation over Time in Rock Pocket Mouse Populations
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This activity provides an introduction to natural selection and the role of genetic variation by asking students to analyze illustrations of rock pocket mouse populations (dark/light fur) on different color substrates in the Sonoran Desert (light/dark) over time. Based on this evidence, and what they learn about variation and natural selection in the accompanying short film, students use this evidence to explain the change in the rock pocket mouse populations on the lava flow (dark substrate) over time. This is one of several classroom activities, focusing on related topics and varying in complexity, built around the short film. This ten minute film shows adaptive changes in rock pocket mouse populations, demonstrating the process of natural selection and can be accessed at http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/making-fittest-natural-selection-and-adaptation. The film is also available as an interactive video with embedded questions, which test students’ understanding as they watch the film.

Subject:
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
Provider Set:
NGSS@NSTA
Author:
Mary Colvard
Date Added:
10/12/2015
Coloring Book For General Biology I.pdf
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This is a coloring book that I drew and designed as a fun way for my students to review information and/or doodle on. The pictures are inspired by images I use in my General Biology I class, and are presented in the same order as they are discussed in my class. The coloring book is NOT designed as an alternative to attending lecture, studying notes, etc.
You can download the PDF of the coloring book and then color the pictures on an app (like using an iPad and Apple Pencil) or print out the images and color them using your preferred method (like with colored pencils).

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Diagram/Illustration
Author:
Dr. Ashley Lough
Date Added:
08/09/2021
Community Genomes: using the example of Bauhinia Genome for genomics education. What is a genome project, and why are they important?
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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This genomics education lesson plan was formulated and tested on some year 6 students with the help of their teacher Michelle Pardini at the Hong Kong ICS School. Using the example of the ongoing citizen science Bahinia Genome project from Hong Kong it hopes to serve as a model to inspire and inform other national genome projects, and aid the development of crucial genomic literacy and skills across the globe. Inspiring and training a new generation of scientists to use these tools to tackle the biggest threats to mankind: climate change, disease, and food security. It is released under a CC-BY SA 4.0 license, and utilised the following slide deck and final quiz. Promoting open science, all of the data and resources produced from the project is immediately put into the public domain. Please feel free to utilise, adapt and build upon any of these as you wish. The open licence makes these open education resources usable just with attribution and posting of modified resources under a similar manner. Contact BauhiniaGenome if you have any questions or feedback.Bauhinia Genome overviewFor a slidedeck for the lesson plan laid out here you can use the set in slideshare here.

Subject:
Computer Science
Life Science
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
GigaScience
Author:
Scott Edmunds
Michelle Pardini
Rob Davidson
Date Added:
05/12/2016
Conversations with History: Revolution in the Biological Sciences, with Sir John Gurdon
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Host Harry Kreisler Welcomes Professor Sir John Gurdon for a discussion of advances in research on cell biology. Sir John reflects on his career as a scientist including his path breaking research on cloning. He offers insights into the implications of the revolution in the biological sciences.(46 min)

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
UCTV Teacher's Pet
Date Added:
06/13/2010
DNA
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CC BY-NC-SA
DNA
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Learn about DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Overview of DNA bases, complementary base pairing, and the structure of the double helix.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Sal Khan
Date Added:
09/22/2009