# Keywords: Ray Optics (17)

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# Circles of Light: The Mathematics of Rainbows

This set of web pages introduces the mathematics of rainbows. It examines ... (more)

This set of web pages introduces the mathematics of rainbows. It examines a mathematical model of light passing through a water droplet to help explain how rainbows are formed, why they only form when the sun is behind the observer, and what angle in the sky they can be seen. The material includes objectives, theory, questions to direct student analysis, and a conclusion. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Geoscience
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Data
Images and Illustrations
Instructional Material
Interactive
Lecture Notes
Reference
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Frederick Wicklin
National Science Foundation

# Designmate: Converging Lenses

This eight-minute video explains the principles of convex lenses by blending video, ... (more)

This eight-minute video explains the principles of convex lenses by blending video, animation, and still images. It segments the convex lens into pieces, much like one sees in an optical bench -- triangular prisms at top and bottom, trapezoidal prisms adjacent, and a rectangular prism in the precise middle. Animated ray diagrams show clearly how light refracts at both edges of the convex lens, and bend toward the principal axis. The animation depicts 3 fundamental actions of convex lenses: 1) A ray traveling parallel to the principal axis passes through the principal focus, 2) A ray traveling through the focus will emerge parallel to the principal axis, and 3) A ray traveling through the optical center will emerge undeviated. Designmate is a designer of eContent for K-12 education specializing in 3D and animation to simplify concepts. This particular video is one of a small collection offered for free download. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Full Course
Instructional Material
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education

# Exploring the Science of Light: What is Optics?

This web site sponsored by the Optical Society of America is a ... (more)

This web site sponsored by the Optical Society of America is a collection of resources on the topic of optics. It was developed to provide the science community and general public with educational resources and services to advance the science of light. Users will find simulations, activities, and reference material organized by specific topic -- including color, light reflection/refraction, polarization, light scattering, human vision, lenses, optical illusions, and more. There are sections dedicated to teachers and aspiring scientists. Resources range in scope from simple to complex. (less)

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Technology
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Full Course
Instructional Material
Interactive
Reference
Simulations
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education

# Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Curved Mirror

This is an interactive homework problem on the topic of ray optics. ... (more)

This is an interactive homework problem on the topic of ray optics. It presents this scenario: a distant object forms an image 2.8 meters in front of a slightly curved mirror. With only this information, the user must determine the radius of curvature of the mirror. The problem was developed by a physics education researcher to help students with concept formation and strategic problem solving skills. It is accompanied by a Socratic-dialog "help" sequence that guides users through a full conceptual analysis before attempting the mathematics. It is part of a larger collection developed by the Illinois PER Group. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Full Course
Instructional Material
Reference
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:

# Making Oatmeal Box Pinhole Cameras

This web site provides step-by-step directions for constructing a pinhole camera out ... (more)

This web site provides step-by-step directions for constructing a pinhole camera out of an oatmeal box and other common household items. Each step is supplemented with photos to show exactly how to build the apparatus so that it will actually take pictures. Also included are detailed procedures for shooting the photographs and developing them in an amateur darkroom. <i>**NOTE: If performing this activity with children, follow safety procedures for using the photo developing agent. SEE THIS LINK for safety information on Kodak Dektol:</i> http://www2.itap.purdue.edu/msds/docs/9735.pdf (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Stewart Woodruff

# Molecular Expressions: Interactive Java Tutorials - Magnification with a Bi-Convex Lens

This is an interactive tutorial on the topic of magnification. A lens ... (more)

This is an interactive tutorial on the topic of magnification. A lens is bi-convex if both surfaces are convex. In this Java simulation, users move a virtual bi-convex lens toward and away from an object to observe changes in the size of the image produced by the lens. The accompanying text tutorial gives detailed information about the geometric principles governing the situation. This item is part of a larger Microscopy Primer developed by the National High Magnetic Field at Florida State University. <b>SEE RELATED ITEMS</b> on this page for a link to the complete primer. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Interactive
Reference
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Michael Davidson

# Molecular Expressions: Interactive Java Tutorials - Simple Bi-Convex Thin Lenses

This is an interactive tutorial on the topic of optical thin lenses. ... (more)

This is an interactive tutorial on the topic of optical thin lenses. Users explore how changes to focal length and object size affect the size and position of the image formed by a simple bi-convex thin lens. The accompanying text tutorial gives detailed information about the geometric principles governing the situation. This item is part of a larger Microscopy Primer developed by the National High Magnetic Field at Florida State University. <b>SEE RELATED ITEMS</b> on this page for a link to the complete primer. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Interactive
Reference
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Michael Davidson

# Molecular Expressions: Investigating Special Properties of Light

This resource contains a set of six activities on the properties of ... (more)

This resource contains a set of six activities on the properties of light, designed to be used as learning centers in middle school or high school physical science classrooms. The stations include lessons on diffraction, transparency and translucence, rainbows, spinning disks, refraction, and the relationship between light and heat. The activities were designed to be economical and simple to set up, using common objects such as thermometers, styrofoam cups, flashlights, candles, holiday tree lights, and aluminum foil. Students rotate from one station to the next to observe and analyze each unique property. <i>Allow 2-3 class periods, depending upon the length of the class.</i> This item is part of a larger guidebook for teachers on the topic of light and optics, developed by the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. <b>SEE RELATED ITEMS</b> on this page for a link to the full index. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Michael Davidson

# Multiple Reflection from Two Plane Mirrors

This National Taiwan Normal University applet enables the user to vary the ... (more)

This National Taiwan Normal University applet enables the user to vary the angle of a corner mirror and investigate the location of the multiple images. In addition, the user can see the reflections of numerous light rays and how their backward extensions meet at the image. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Fu-Kwun Hwang

# OPPS: Light Interactions with Matter

This guide to a workshop for primary teachers provides an introduction to ... (more)

This guide to a workshop for primary teachers provides an introduction to the concepts of light reflection, refraction, and absorption. It is designed to provide teachers with an inquiry-based learning experience to the basic concepts of light and is path through and interaction with matter. It is part of the Operation Primary Physical Science materials. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Assessments
Instructional Material
Lecture Notes
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Gayle Kirwin
Remix and Share

# Photonic Materials and Devices, Spring 2004

Optical and optoelectronic properties of semiconductors, ceramics, and polymers. Electronic structure, refractive ... (more)

Optical and optoelectronic properties of semiconductors, ceramics, and polymers. Electronic structure, refractive index, electroluminescence, electro-optic and magneto-optic effects, and laser phenomena. Microphotonic materials and structures; photonic band gap materials. Materials design and processing for lasers, waveguides, modulators, switches, displays and optoelectronic integrated circuits. Alternate years. This course covers the theory, design, fabrication and applications of photonic materials and devices. After a survey of optical materials design for semiconductors, dielectrics and polymers, the course examines ray optics, electromagnetic optics and guided wave optics; physics of light-matter interactions; and device design principles of LEDs, lasers, photodetectors, modulators, fiber and waveguide interconnects, optical filters, and photonic crystals. Device processing topics include crystal growth, substrate engineering, thin film deposition, etching and process integration for dielectric, silicon and compound semiconductor materials. The course also covers microphotonic integrated circuits and applications in telecom/datacom systems. Course assignments include three design projects that emphasize materials, devices and systems applications. (less)

Subject:
Science and Technology
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Assessments
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Kimerling, Lionel
Remix and Share

# Photonic Materials and Devices, Spring 2006

Optical and optoelectronic properties of semiconductors, ceramics, and polymers. Electronic structure, refractive ... (more)

Optical and optoelectronic properties of semiconductors, ceramics, and polymers. Electronic structure, refractive index, electroluminescence, electro-optic and magneto-optic effects, and laser phenomena. Microphotonic materials and structures; photonic band gap materials. Materials design and processing for lasers, waveguides, modulators, switches, displays and optoelectronic integrated circuits. Alternate years. This course covers the theory, design, fabrication and applications of photonic materials and devices. After a survey of optical materials design for semiconductors, dielectrics and polymers, the course examines ray optics, electromagnetic optics and guided wave optics; physics of light-matter interactions; and device design principles of LEDs, lasers, photodetectors, modulators, fiber and waveguide interconnects, optical filters, and photonic crystals. Device processing topics include crystal growth, substrate engineering, thin film deposition, etching and process integration for dielectric, silicon and compound semiconductor materials. The course also covers microphotonic integrated circuits and applications in telecom/datacom systems. Course assignments include four design projects that emphasize materials, devices and systems applications. (less)

Subject:
Science and Technology
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Assessments
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Kimerling, Lionel

# Practical Physics: Optics

This is a collection of more than 50 classroom experiments introducing users ... (more)

This is a collection of more than 50 classroom experiments introducing users to geometric optics and the ray model of light. Developed for use in high school science classrooms, each experiment focuses on practical applications of ray optics and is supplemented with full instructional procedures, safety guidelines, drawings/photos, and tips for teachers. Background information accompanies each activity, as well. <i>**Note: Most of the experiments require the use of a ray box or bright lamp, concave and convex lenses, and an optical bench. Items are readily available at scientific supply houses, with costs ranging from \$300 to \$1,500, depending upon the capabilities of the item purchased.</i> This item is part of a much larger collection of physics/astronomy experiments, sponsored by the UK's Institute of Physics and funded by the Nuffield Curriculum Centre. <b>SEE RELATED ITEMS BELOW</b> for a link to the full collection. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Life Science
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Simulations
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Nuffield Curriculum Centre

# Practical Physics: Pinhole Camera and Lens Camera

This is a classroom lab for grades 6-12 designed to allow students ... (more)

This is a classroom lab for grades 6-12 designed to allow students to compare the action of a pinhole camera and a lens camera. It gives directions for setting up a carbon filament lamp as the light source, plus technical tips provided by a physicist for getting best results. Required materials include a +7D lens and the pinhole camera itself, which can be constructed by students (see below for link). This item is part of a much larger collection of physics/astronomy experiments, sponsored by the UK's Institute of Physics and funded by the Nuffield Curriculum Centre. <b>SEE RELATED ITEMS ON THIS PAGE</b> for a link to detailed instructions for building the pinhole camera box. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Nuffield Curriculum Centre

# Practical Physics: Ray Box or Lamp?

This item by the authors of Practical Physics experiments gives guidance on ... (more)

This item by the authors of Practical Physics experiments gives guidance on the use of ray boxes and/or lamps to conduct labs on geometric optics. The advantages of both are discussed in terms of their use in different types of experiments. This item is part of a much larger collection of physics/astronomy experiments, sponsored by the UK's Institute of Physics and funded by the Nuffield Curriculum Centre. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Provider Set:
ComPADRE: Resources for Physics and Astronomy Education
Author:
Nuffield Curriculum Centre

# SERC Pedagogic Library: Total Internal Reflection

This item is a research-based lesson plan on the topic of total ... (more)

This item is a research-based lesson plan on the topic of total internal reflection (TIR), designed for use in introductory physics classrooms. It is aligned with the Interactive Lecture pedagogic approach. The purpose of the lesson is to help students apply Snell's Law to discover circumstances under which the TIR phenomenon occurs. This resource was peer reviewed by the SERC Pedagogic team (Science Education Resource Center). <i>**NOTE: This lesson requires use of a refraction tank, available at science supply companies for \$80-100.</i> This item is part of the SERC Pedagogic Library, a collaboration between SERC Pedagogic Service Project and ComPADRE. <b>SEE RELATED ITEMS</b> on this page for a link to the full collection. (less)

Subject:
Mathematics
Engineering
Physics
Education
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Reference
Provider: