Collection Resources (21)

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Realizing Opportunities for ELLs in the Common Core English Language Arts and Disciplinary Literacy Standards
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper opens a larger conversation about what must be done to ...

This paper opens a larger conversation about what must be done to realize opportunities presented by the Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts and the literacy standards in other subject areas. It emphasizes the simultaneous challenges and opportunities for ELLs.The paper emphasizes that texts are approached differently for different purposes. Students need opportunities to approach texts with these varied purposes in mind. It also highlights how ELLs may be well served by opportunities to explore and justify their own textual hypotheses, even if their initial interpretations diverge from those of the teacher.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
English Language Arts
Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
George Bunch, Amanda Kibler, Susan Pimentel
Critical Policy Levers for Effective Implementation of Common Core State Standards for ELLs
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper argues that the heightened expectations around language in the new ...

This paper argues that the heightened expectations around language in the new standards pose major challenges for all students who engage with rich academic content, especially English Language Learners (ELLs). The authors make five policy recommendations designed to give ELLs the educational supports necessary to meet the new higher standards.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Lecture
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Delia Pompa, Kenji Hakuta
Mathematics, the Common Core, and Language
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper makes recommendations for developing mathematics instruction for English Language Learners ...

This paper makes recommendations for developing mathematics instruction for English Language Learners (ELLs) aligned with the Common Core State Standards. The recommendations can guide teachers, curriculum developers, and teacher educators as they develop their own ways of supporting mathematical reasoning and sense-making for ELLs.Some instructional recommendations discussed in the paper include: Focus on ELL students' mathematical reasoning, not the correctness of their mathematical language use. Shift to a focus on mathematical discourse practices; move away from simplified views of language. Support ELL students as they engage in complex mathematical language. Use ELL students' language and experiences as resources. Provide professional development to enhance teachers' awareness of ways to support ELs as they develop both language and mathematical knowledge.

Subject:
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Judit Moschkovich
Instruction for Diverse Groups of ELLs
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

The population of English Language Learners is enormously diverse. Teachers face the ...

The population of English Language Learners is enormously diverse. Teachers face the complex challenge of providing them with opportunities that allow them to attain the Common Core State Standards despite their various needs and abilities. The authors offer and discuss five principles of instruction for ELLs, which can be enacted within classrooms in ways that are responsive to individual students.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Lecture
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Aida Walqui, Margaret Heritage
Instruction for Diverse Groups of ELLs
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

The population of English Language Learners is enormously diverse. Teachers face the ...

The population of English Language Learners is enormously diverse. Teachers face the complex challenge of providing them with opportunities that allow them to attain the Common Core State Standards despite their various needs and abilities. The authors offer and discuss five principles of instruction for ELLs, which can be enacted within classrooms in ways that are responsive to individual students.

Subject:
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Lecture
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Aida Walqui, Margaret Heritage
Language and the Common Core State Standards
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper points out three different ways that language is involved in ...

This paper points out three different ways that language is involved in the standards: language requirements in the content standards, English language arts standards, and language-convention-specific standards. It calls for a thoughtful integration of these three dimensions.The authors also frame language in the context of the Common Core, focusing on what students can accomplish using language rather than on whether or how students use specific language features. This broader definition encourages the development of cognitive, linguistic, and affective strengths in ELLs and gives students the opportunity to take valuable actions toward academic success.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Leo Van Lier, Aida Walqui
CC Tasks: John Muir - Supports for ELL (Grade 4)
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
Rating

This packet contains pre-reading, pre-teaching vocabulary and background knowledge supports for English ...

This packet contains pre-reading, pre-teaching vocabulary and background knowledge supports for English Language Learners for the John Muir: Conservationist on the Quarter task.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
New York City Department of Education
The Challenge of Assessing Language Proficiency Aligned to the Common Core State Standards and Some Possible Solutions
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

The authors discuss the challenges of assessing English Language Proficiency (ELP) in ...

The authors discuss the challenges of assessing English Language Proficiency (ELP) in ways that are aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), and then make recommendations for developers of the next generation ELP assessments.They identify challenges around three sets of related issues: Identifying language knowledge and skills in the CCSS. Defining alignment in the context of ELP assessments. Articulating a new ELP standards framework that can guide states in their development of next generation ELP standards and assessments.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Assessment
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Alison Bailey, Mikyung Kim Wolf
Issues and Opportunities in Improving the Quality of Large Scale Assessment Systems for ELLs
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper outlines and addresses fundamental issues in assessing English Language Learners ...

This paper outlines and addresses fundamental issues in assessing English Language Learners (ELLs), including "construct-irrelevant" factors that add unnecessary difficulty to tests, as well as uses of summative versus formative assessment. The paper also highlights assessment innovations relevant to ELLs, discussing their promise and potential pitfalls.The authors suggest ways to strengthen connections between the assessment consortia (PARCC and SBAC) and the work of next generation ELP assessment developers. In addition, they provide recommendations for policy makers toward building a more coherent overall assessment system for ELLs.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Jamal Abedi, Robert Linquanti
Online Community for Teachers of ELLs
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper recommends strategies for cultivating—as opposed to centrally planning—an online community ...

This paper recommends strategies for cultivating—as opposed to centrally planning—an online community that supports the goals of Understanding Language, beginning with the assumption that technological development should serve the needs and shared goals of community members.While building an online community, the authors propose monitoring four dimensions of group health—remuneration, influence, belonging, and significance—and suggest practical strategies for cultivating each

Subject:
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Robert Lucas, John Willinsky
What is the Development of Literacy the Development Of?
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper highlights key findings of the socioculturally-focused “New Literacy studies” and ...

This paper highlights key findings of the socioculturally-focused “New Literacy studies” and argues that literacy practices derive their vitality from curricula and activities that connect to learners' backgrounds and cultures. The authors show how communities can capitalize on the social nature of learning to help young people experience literacy as purposeful and themselves as skillful and confident makers of meaning.Three common themes found across successful learning experiences are: Building upon learners’ existing knowledge and cultural practices. Demystifying academic language and literacy. Situating literacy learning within a larger motivating activity and/or purpose.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Glynda Hull, Elizabeth B. Moje
CC Tasks: Investigating Sharks (Grade 3)
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
Rating

Task Description: This task asks students to write an opinion on an ...

Task Description: This task asks students to write an opinion on an informational text reading. Students must be able to use reasons and facts to support their opinions based on information provided in the informational text. This 2-3 week unit extends student understanding of informational texts, through having students use these texts as the basis for their writing.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
New York City Department of Education
CC Tasks: My Report About Frogs (Grade 1)
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
Rating

Common Core Task Description: This task asks students to write an informative ...

Common Core Task Description: This task asks students to write an informative text and use information/facts to write a report about what was learned. This 3-4 week unit leads students in an exploration of informational texts. Read alouds and structured conversations are used to guide students in the process of using an informational text as a learning tool (i.e., gathering facts from what an author has written). Students then use what they have learned from a mentor text to create their own teaching text. Extensions for continued learning around frogs are included.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
New York City Department of Education
Challenges and Supports for ELLs in Bilingual Programs
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper discusses the affordances and challenges of bilingual instruction programs in ...

This paper discusses the affordances and challenges of bilingual instruction programs in light of the new Common Core State Standards and Next Generation Science Standards. The authors argue that bilingual education has an important role to play because it has always placed language and literacy development at the core of instruction. Bilingual education that is high quality and that promotes full development of two languages leverages the native language of students in service of better English. It also provides an ideal context in which to address the demands content and language demands of the New Standards by allowing students to use all their language and cultural resources.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Lecture
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Maria Brisk, C. Patrick Proctor
What Does Text Complexity Mean for English Learners and Language Minority Students?
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

This paper addresses the implications, for ELLs, of the new standard's requirement ...

This paper addresses the implications, for ELLs, of the new standard's requirement that students be able to read and understand complex, informationally dense texts. The authors discuss the types of supports that learners need in order to work with complex texts. They also provide a sample of what academic discourse involves, using an excerpt from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail. They demonstrate how English learners can be provided with strategies for accessing complex texts, such as closely examining one sentence at a time. The authors argue that instruction must go beyond vocabulary and should begin with an examination of our beliefs about language, literacy and learning.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language Education (ESL)
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Stanford University School of Education
Provider Set:
Understanding Language
Author:
Charles j. Fillmore
Lily Wong Fillmore
CC Tasks: Garden Helpers (Grade K)
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
Rating

Task Description: This task asks students to write an information/explanatory report demonstrating ...

Task Description: This task asks students to write an information/explanatory report demonstrating what they learned from an informational text. Students will demonstrate their understanding of the main idea of the text - not all bugs are bad - by retelling key details. This task is embedded in a unit that introduces students to informational texts as sources of information, or ŇteachersÓ that we can learn from. After spending time exploring nonfiction texts, through read alouds as well as collaborative and independent research, students will demonstrate their understanding by writing a book about what theyŐve learned from a nonfiction read aloud. The unit length is approximately 3 weeks, depending on studentsŐ incoming familiarity with nonfiction, and can be extended with enrichment activities.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
New York City Department of Education
CC Tasks: John Muir - Conservationist on the Quarter (Grade 4)
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
Rating

Task Description: Students write an essay using key details from the text ...

Task Description: Students write an essay using key details from the text to explain why John Muir devoted his life to conservation efforts and describe the effect that his work had on preserving the beauty of nature. This task is embedded in a 2-3 week unit that uses the topic of human impact on environment as a means to teach students how to analyze and navigate informational texts. Students will write an essay at the end of the unit demonstrating their mastery of the content and their ability to make inferences within a specific text.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Literature
Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
New York City Department of Education
Grade 4 ELA Module 2A
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

Students learn about what life was like in Colonial America. They go ...

Students learn about what life was like in Colonial America. They go on to study the many roles people played in a colonial settlement and how necessary their interdependence was for survival. Students select one role to explore more deeply through various forms of nonfiction texts. With an emphasis on making inferences, summarizing informational text, basic research (note-taking and pulling together information from a variety of texts), this module will foster students’ abilities to synthesize information from multiple sources and integrate research into their writing. At the end of the module, students participate in several critique experiences during the revision process as they write a research-based narrative that vividly describes an event in a colonist’s life.

Subject:
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
New York State Education Department
Provider Set:
EngageNY
Common Core Curriculum Grade 1 ELA: Listening and Learning Strand
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

The goal of the Listening and Learning Strand is for students to ...

The goal of the Listening and Learning Strand is for students to acquire language competence through listening, specifically building a rich vocabulary, and broad knowledge in history and science by being exposed to carefully selected, sequenced, and coherent read-alouds. The 9 units (or domains) provide lessons (including images and texts), as well as instructional objectives, core vocabulary, and assessment materials. The domain topics include: Different Lands, Similar Stories; Fables and Stories; The Human Body; Early World Civilizations; Early American Civilizations; Astronomy; Animals & Habitats; Fairy Tales; and History of the Earth.

Subject:
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Unit of Study
Provider:
New York State Education Department
Provider Set:
EngageNY