Anatomy and Physiology 1

Springfield Technical Community College, Department of Biological Sciences

Anatomy and Physiology 1

BIO 231: DO3/DO4 Lecture and Lab Syllabus Spring 2019

Professor: Reena Randhir, Ph.D.           


Office/hours: 2/ 615 by appointment.              

Telephone #: 413-755-4821

Lecture: TTh 12:30-1:45 pm (2/ 504)   

Lab: T or Th 8:15-10:45 am (2/ 502)

Course Description: A comprehensive study of the structure and function of the human body, to serve as a background for the application of scientific principles in both everyday life and the work of various health disciplines. Laboratory practice includes the study of tissues by using microscopic examinations and the dissection of animal specimens, along with physiological experimentation. Units covered are concerned with general introductory material, the skeleton, muscles and the nervous system. 

Prerequisites: DRG 092 or DWT 099 or placement at college-level English or Reading. BIO 101 or BIO 201 (minimum grade of C+) or MAT 097 (minimum grade of C-). 

Co-requisites: BIO 231L


Course Organization: This course will be composed of lecture and laboratory material.  The topics in both lecture and lab will be coordinated to reinforce student understanding of the material. The lecture content mainly covers the physiology of the body and its cells, while the lab component is geared more toward understanding the anatomy of the body. 

Methods of instruction will include lecture presentations, power point, classroom discussions, small group seminars, question-answer sessions, maker-space activities, video clips and problem-based learning tools focused on enhancing student critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Online materials will be available through the course Black Board site.  In addition, the laboratory portion of this course will reinforce concepts by allowing hands on exploration of materials presented in lecture. 

Students are encouraged to take responsibility for increasing their own comprehension by careful reading of assigned materials and by:

(1) Taking advantage of opportunities for asking questions for clarification, answering questions posed in text and supplementary sources such as the online resources that the text book offers.

 (2) Active participation in class discussions, participating in small study groups, review sessions, and seeking out peer tutoring if necessary.

(3) Utilizing resources available in the library, student review lab room 511 and tutoring center.

Student Learning Outcomes: By the conclusion of the course, students will:

  • Develop an understanding and appreciation of the human body.
  • Summarize human anatomical and physiological terminology.
  • Explain and describe the levels of organization of the human body.
  • Understand basic principles of chemistry as they relate to human physiology.
  • Investigate cell and tissue structures and their functions.
  • Analyze anatomical and physiological features of the integumentary, bones and joints, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems.  
  • Value and explain homeostasis.  

Requirements and Policies

Attendance Policy:  Lecture and Laboratory attendance is mandatory. A student who misses more than four lectures and/or two labs will be withdrawn/fail the course. This absence allowance includes medical emergencies. When absent it is the student’s responsibility to acquire all missed assignments and notes from Blackboard and their classmates. Arriving late, leaving early or using cell phones during class will be considered as an absence. There is no excuse for tardiness (except for real emergency) since it disrupts the learning of your classmates.  In order to maintain an ideal learning environment please turn off cell-phones and other electronic devices and keep out of sight while in class. Students using cell phones, surfing the web, listening to music or sleeping during class will be marked absent and asked to leave.  Please respect your instructor and class-mates by not talking/interrupting them during class discussions. 

 Eating and drinking are not permitted in lecture or lab classes. Students are expected to follow the code of conduct outlined in the college catalog. To ensure the free and open discussion of ideas, students may not record classroom lectures and discussions without advance written permission of the instructor. Any student persisting in unsafe, distracting or disrespectful behavior may be asked to leave the classroom and will be considered absent. Improper behavior can be used as grounds for academic dismissal from this course.

Grading Policy: The biology department policy on grading is to calculate a combined grade for lecture and lab so that the same grade is given for both parts of this course.  Lecture grade is comprised of 3 exams, 1 cumulative final exam, weekly assignments, oral presentation and attendance. The lab grade will be comprised of weekly lab quizzes, weekly assignments, and 2 lab practicals. Extra credit opportunities will be made available to the entire class throughout the semester (there are no individual extra credit assignments). Students must pass both portions of the class in order to pass the course.

Lecture (70% of combined grade) 

4 Exams = 50% (12.5 % each)

Homework Assignments/Attendance = 10% 

Oral Presentation = 5%

Participation/Good Learning Attitude = 5%

   Laboratory (30% of combined grade)

   Lab Quizzes/assignments = 15% 

   Lab Practical 1 = 7.5% 

   Lab Practical 2 = 7.5% 

Exams: There will be 4 exams during the semester. Format for the exams will be multiple choice questions/short answers. Each exam will be 50 min long with 50 questions. There will be one exam given at the end of each unit and the final exam will be cumulative and will be given during the designated final exam period. There are no make-up exams, unless in the case of a real emergency with proper documentation (within a week of the missed exam in short answers/essay format). Students should bring their own pencils and erasers. 

Homework: Homework on the read-ahead chapters will be collected on the day of the assigned lecture and must be submitted before lecture begins. Late work will not be graded. This part of the grade is for showing up prepared and for attendance.

Oral Presentation: Research the assigned topic from current scientific journals. The 10 min oral presentation can be in any format the student chooses (PPT- maximum of 8 slides, poster, etc.) and must be presented on the day assigned for full credit. A one-page typed summary of the topic must be submitted before presentation. The assessment rubric and sign-up sheets will be given in class. 

Interaction Plan/Participation in Small Group Seminars/ Class Discussions: Every lecture class includes student directed discussions on the concepts investigated in that particular class. Active participation is expected in these student debates. Reading ahead is vital for ideal participation. In addition, students will form small groups to discuss the lecture concepts and case studies.

Lab Quizzes:  The weekly quizzes comprising of 20 short answer questions (20 min) and some practical style questions will be given on the lab exercise covered in the previous lab at the beginning of the lab. Students who come late will not be given extra time to complete. Twenty percent of the quiz score is for completing the previous lab exercise/assignment. Two lowest quiz grades (including any zero for absences) will be dropped during final grade calculation. There are no make-up quizzes. 

Lab Practical: There will be 2 lab practicals. This assessment requires the students to move from station to station (model, specimen etc.) to identify structures or name function. There will be 15-20 stations with a total of 50 short answer/multiple choice questions. Time limit is 60 minutes. There are no make-ups. Detailed information regarding practical will be given in class.     

Grades and required Numerical score:

A = 93-100

A- = 90-92

B+ = 87-89

B = 83-86

B- = 80-82

C+ = 77-79

C = 73-76

C- = 70-72

D+ = 67-69

D = 63-66

D- = 60-62

F = 59 and below 

No Incompletes

How to excel in this class:

  • Attend all lecture classes. Study hard. Repeatedly write down and say out loud terminology.
  • Read the lecture material prior to the class. This speeds your learning process and helps you to participate in class discussions. Do your assigned homework.
  • Pay attention in class and take clear lecture notes. 
  • Participate actively in classroom discussions and small group seminars. Ask questions and clarify doubts. 
  • Form a study group to compare notes and learn from each other. 
  • Read well in advance for exams and quiz yourself. Watch suggested videos.
  • Use room 511 our student AP study lab with models, microscopes and slides. 

Equipment Policy: Please handle our expensive lab equipment and models with utmost care.  Any student caught willfully defacing or destroying any lab equipment will be reported to the Dean of Students and may be removed from the course. Students are expected to return equipment/models used to the proper place and clean their entire work area before leaving lab. Please do not use permanent markings/labels on the models.

Policy on academic dishonesty: Students are required to perform all exams, home works and assignments with integrity and honesty. In cases of suspected violation of academic integrity, proper action will be taken following the college policy on academic honesty. 

Class Cancellation Policy: When there is severe weather alert, please check the college website for class cancellation information. If there is a class cancellation, then the scheduled lecture including exams or homework will be postponed to the next class.  

If you have a documented disability and anticipate needing accommodations in this course, please contact the Office of Disability Services. They are in Building 19/Rm 141 and can be reached at (13) 755- 4785.  The offices are open 7:30am - 5pm, Monday through Friday. Evening hours by appointment. Please inform me during the first week of classes. 

All students should be aware of exit procedures in case of fire or any other emergency. Safety goggles and gloves should be worn in lab whenever needed. Students must follow all lab safety protocols, procedures and correct disposal of biohazard materials always.

The instructor reserves all rights to make changes in the syllabus during the semester and the students will be notified of the changes. It is my goal to help everyone succeed in this course, so please do not hesitate to ask me for extra help. Best Wishes.

BIO 231 DO3-DO4 AP1 Lecture/Lab Spring 2019 Tentative Schedule

Week of 

Lecture Topic


Assignments, Exams

Lab Topic


Lab Read-ahead/Quiz

Jan 20 

Meet and Greet, Syllabus

1. An Introduction to the Human Body

Homework Ch 1 due

Lab 1 Language of Anatomy

and Organ systems

Jan 27

2. The Chemical Level of Organization

3. The Cellular Level of Organization

Homework Ch 2 due Homework Ch 3 due

Lab 2. Microscopes and Tissues


Quiz on lab 1 

Complete Lab 1 homework

Feb 3

4. The Tissue Level of Organization

Homework Ch 4 due

Lab 3. Tissues contd.

Quiz on lab 2 

Complete Lab 2 homework

Feb 10

5. The Integumentary System

Feb 12 Exam 1 (Chapters 1-4)

Homework Ch 5 due

Lab 4. Integumentary System, Membranes

Quiz on lab 3 

Complete Lab 3 homework

Feb 17 

Feb 19-No class

Tues follows Mon schedule

Lab 5. Skeletal System-bone tissue and Axial

Quiz on lab 4 

Complete Lab 4 homework

Feb 24

6. Bone Tissue and the Skeletal System 

7. Axial Skeleton

Homework Ch 6 & 7 due

Lab 6. Skeletal System- Appendicular

(Tues lab will do Lab 5 also)

Quiz on lab 5 

Complete Lab 5 homework

Mar 3

8. The Appendicular Skeleton

Homework Ch 8 due

March 7 Exam 2 (Chapters 5-8) 

Lab Practical 1 (on labs 1-6)

Mar 10 

Break – NO Classes

Mar 17

9. Joints

Homework Ch 9 due

Lab 7. Articulations and Body Movements

Quiz on lab 6 

Complete Lab 6 homework

Mar 24

10. Muscle Tissue

Homework Ch 10 due

Lab 8. Microscopic anatomy of Muscle 

Quiz on lab 7 

Complete Lab 7 homework

Mar 31

11. The Muscular System

Homework Ch 11 due

Lab 9. Gross anatomy of Muscle

Quiz on lab 8

Complete Lab 8 homework

April 7

12. The Nervous System and Nervous Tissue 

April 9 Exam 3 (Chapters 9-11) 

Homework Ch 12 due

Lab 10 Histology of neurons

Quiz on lab 9 

Complete Lab 9 homework

April 14 

April 18 no class

13. Anatomy of the Nervous System- Spinal Cord

Homework Ch 13 due

Lab 11 Anatomy of Spinal cord, Spinal nerves

Quiz on lab 10 

Complete Lab 10 homework

April 21

14. The Somatic Nervous System 

Anatomy of the Nervous System- Brain

Homework Ch 14 due

Lab 12 Anatomy of Brain and Cranial nerves

Quiz on lab 11 

Complete Lab 11 homework

April 28

Student Presentations


Thur lab- Spinal Cord

May 5


May 9 Class Celebration!

Lab Practical 2 (on Labs 7-11)

May 13

Comprehensive Finals

Date will be announced


(Chapters 1-14)

* Please note that all homework is due before the lecture and is for attendance/ showing up prepared.

Late homework will not be graded.

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