- Grammar Topic: Imperative Tense
- Vocabulary – Pronunciation
Students are introduced to the topics above with a Warm-Up session to discuss about places in Philadelphia, how to get to those places, etc.
Then, using a real Philadelphia map, the students will learn how to give and follow directions, and also learn some useful expressions related to directions.
The next part of the class is about the explanations of a grammar topic which is used to give and follow directions: the Imperative Tense.
The closing activity will talk about the cardinal directions, which are another way to talk about directions.
As an assessment, the students will write and perform, in pairs, a dialogue about directions using the Imperative Tense.
The total time to complete this lesson is 150 minutes (2 hours and a half).
9th grade (13 – 14 years old).
SKILL AND LANGUAGE LEVEL
A2 – B1 (Elementary – Intermediate)
Students will learn how to give and follow directions using the Imperative Form, and how to ask for directions.
STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Students will be able to:
1 – Follow directions to go to some places;
2 – Give directions to their peers using the Imperative Form correctly.
Maps of Philadelphia
Tourist attractions Card
KNOWLEDGE CHECK + WARM-UP (15 MINUTES)
The teacher will ask the students some questions about Philadelphia, such as:
- What have you heard/what do you know about Philadelphia?
- Do you know any fact or curiosity about Philadelphia?
- Do you know what “Philadelphia” means?
- What is the most important symbol of Philadelphia?
Then, the teacher will show a video about Philadelphia, and ask some last questions:
- Did you like the city?
- Which places would you like to visit in Philadelphia?
- What did you like most?
- What about to take a ride through Philadelphia?
- What do you need to go around?
GUIDED PRACTICE (30 MINUTES)
Using a real Philadelphia map, the students will learn how to give and follow directions. At first, the teacher will show them an example of how to give and follow the directions, and for that, the teacher will teach them some useful expressions: “Turn Left”, “Turn Right”, “Go Straight”, etc. after, the students will practice it guiding each other by following the teacher’s instructions.
The next part of this class is about the explanation of a Grammar topic: the Imperative Tense”. The teacher will try to make the students infer the meaning of the words/expressions used in the previous activity (directions), and then explain the Imperative Form: imperative sentences are requests, suggestions, advices or commands. The Imperative sentences have a peculiar characteristic: they often appear to be missing subjects and use a verb to begin the sentence. In fact, the subject is the person listening/the audience.
INDEPENDENT PRACTICE (30 MINUTES)
The class will be divided in 2 groups. One group will receive some cards with signs (like traffic signs, warnings in general, etc) and the other half will receive cards with the written instructions related to the sign cards. Then, each student will have to find his/her respective pair, by matching the sign and the written instruction. The activity will be finished when all the students find their peers; then they will be able to display on the board the complete chart (image and written instructions).
CLOSING ACTIVITY/WRAP-UP (20 MINUTES)
In order to add more vocabulary, the teacher will show the Compass to the class, to teach about Cardinal Directions, which are another way to talk about directions.
ASSESSMENT (40 MINUTES)
In peers, the students will make a short dialogue talking about directions and play it in front of the class.
FEEDBACK (15 MINUTES)
The feedback will be related to the engagement, participation and creativity.
Feedbacks about Grammar/pronunciation mistakes will be given in a general way to the whole class in order not to expose the students and clarify the recurring mistakes.
- Participation/engagement in all the activities;
- Correct usage of the vocabulary related to the topic;
- Correct usage of language/communication skills actively.
GRADING CRITERIA AND/OR RUBRICS
|ACROSS: PERFORMANCE |
|- GIVING DIRECTIONS|
- VOCABULARY USAGE
- SENTENCE STRUCTURE
|Student was clear and used correctly the Imperative Tense.||Although the instructions were clear, the sentences were not correctly structured.||The instructions were not clear and the sentences were not correctly structured.|