# Lesson Plan - Giving and Following Directions + Imperative Tense

TOPIC

- Grammar Topic: Imperative Tense

- Directions

- Vocabulary – Pronunciation

DESCRIPTION

Students are introduced to the topics above with a Warm-Up session to discuss about places in Philadelphia, how to get to those places, etc.

Then, using a real Philadelphia map, the students will learn how to give and follow directions, and also learn some useful expressions related to directions.

The next part of the class is about the explanations of a grammar topic which is used to give and follow directions: the Imperative Tense.

The closing activity will talk about the cardinal directions, which are another way to talk about directions.

As an assessment, the students will write and perform, in pairs, a dialogue about directions using the Imperative Tense.

The total time to complete this lesson is 150 minutes (2 hours and a half).

STUDENT GROUP

9th grade (13 – 14 years old).

SKILL AND LANGUAGE LEVEL

A2 – B1 (Elementary – Intermediate)

SUPPORTED OUTCOMES

Students will learn how to give and follow directions using the Imperative Form, and how to ask for directions.

STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Students will be able to:

1 – Follow directions to go to some places;

2 – Give directions to their peers using the Imperative Form correctly.

TEACHING MATERIALS

Slides/presentation file

STUDENT MATERIALS

Tourist attractions Card

Notebook

TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENTS

Audio/Video device

Data projector

Computer

KNOWLEDGE CHECK + WARM-UP (15 MINUTES)

-          Do you know what “Philadelphia” means?

-          What is the most important symbol of Philadelphia?

-          Did you like the city?

-          Which places would you like to visit in Philadelphia?

-          What did you like most?

-          What do you need to go around?

GUIDED PRACTICE (30   MINUTES)

Using a real Philadelphia map, the students will learn how to give and follow directions. At first, the teacher will show them an example of how to give and follow the directions, and for that, the teacher will teach them some useful expressions: “Turn Left”, “Turn Right”, “Go Straight”, etc. after, the students will practice it guiding each other by following the teacher’s instructions.

The next part of this class is about the explanation of a Grammar topic: the Imperative Tense”. The teacher will try to make the students infer the meaning of the words/expressions used in the previous activity (directions), and then explain the Imperative Form: imperative sentences are requests, suggestions, advices or commands. The Imperative sentences have a peculiar characteristic: they often appear to be missing subjects and use a verb to begin the sentence. In fact, the subject is the person listening/the audience.

INDEPENDENT PRACTICE (30 MINUTES)

The class will be divided in 2 groups. One group will receive some cards with signs (like traffic signs, warnings in general, etc) and the other half will receive cards with the written instructions related to the sign cards. Then, each student will have to find his/her respective pair, by matching the sign and the written instruction. The activity will be finished when all the students find their peers; then they will be able to display on the board the complete chart (image and written instructions).

CLOSING ACTIVITY/WRAP-UP (20 MINUTES)

In order to add more vocabulary, the teacher will show the Compass to the class, to teach about Cardinal Directions, which are another way to talk about directions.

ASSESSMENT (40 MINUTES)

In peers, the students will make a short dialogue talking about directions and play it in front of the class.

FEEDBACK (15 MINUTES)

The feedback will be related to the engagement, participation and creativity.

Feedbacks about Grammar/pronunciation mistakes will be given in a general way to the whole class in order not to expose the students and clarify the recurring mistakes.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

-          Participation/engagement in all the activities;

-          Correct usage of the vocabulary related to the topic;

-          Correct usage of language/communication skills actively.