Title of Lesson: Engineering A Restraint System
Course Name: Physical Science
Grade Level: 6
Author’s Name: Jesse Eisenbise
School District: Palmyra Area School District
|PA Academic Standards for Science and Technology|
|3.4 Technology and Engineering Education|
3.4.7C1: Describe how design, as a creative planning process, leads to useful products and systems.
3.4.7.C2: Explain how modeling, testing, evaluating, and modifying are used to transform ideas into practical solutions.
3.4.7.C3: Describe how troubleshooting as a problem-solving method may identify the cause of a malfunction in a technological system.
3.4.7.D1: Identify and collect information about everyday problems that can be solved by technology and generate ideas and requirements for solving a problem.
3.4.7.D2: Select and safely use appropriate tools, products and systems for specific tasks.
|PA Academic Standards for Career Education and Work|
|13.3. Career Retention and Advancement|
13.3.8.B: Analyze the role of each participant’s contribution in a team setting.
13.3.8C: Explain and demonstrate conflict resolution skills:
|Prior to teaching this lesson, teachers should have the following background:|
|10 Minutes||Activating Thinking|
Video clip: Understanding Car Crashes (8:18)
|2 Minutes||Assignment Description|
Teacher describes the problem: Students will be placed in groups of four, and given an egg inside a sealed Ziplock bag. The egg will then be placed into a seat on a wooden wheeled cart. The cart will travel down an eight-foot wooden ramp and be crashed into a wooden block. The goal is for the egg to survive and not crack in any way. A list of available materials will be provided.
|15 Minutes||Group Requirements and Brainstorming|
Groups will be given the handout that describes the requirements and the available materials. Then they will be given time to brainstorm and create a plan with a labeled sketch of their design. Each design must be approved by the instructor.
|30 Minutes||Group Design|
Once the design plan is approved by the teacher, then groups will have 30 minutes to assemble their materials and put the egg into the cart.
|15 Minutes||Design Testing|
Crash tests commence, each group’s cart is crashed one at a time and subsequently checked for any cracks in the egg.
|20 Minutes||Post Assessment|
Groups complete the post assessment, determining the force applied to their egg during the crash, and a self-reflection of what went well and what could be improved upon.
|Students complete the post assessment with their groups and the self-reflection, which is graded by the instructor.|
|Project description, materials list, post assessment, and self-reflection can be found here|
Materials needed for one class of 30 students:
|Miller, J.T. (2012, February 22) |
Lucas, J. (2017, September 26). Newton's Laws of Motion
Brainard, J. (2018, May 23). Types of Friction