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Adult education classrooms are commonly comprised of learners who have widely disparate levels of mathematical problem-solving skills. This is true regardless of what level a student may be assessed at when entering an adult education program or what level class they are placed in. Providing students with differentiated instruction in the form of Push and Support cards is one way to level this imbalance, keeping all students engaged in one high-cognitive task that supports and encourages learners who are stuck, while at the same time, providing extensions for students who move through the initial phase of the task quickly. Thus, all
students are continually moving forward during the activity, and when the task ends, all students have made progress in their journey towards developing conceptual understanding of mathematical ideas along with a productive disposition, belief in one’s own ability to successfully engage with mathematics.
Lower Primary, Upper Primary, Middle School, High School, Community College / Lower Division, Adult Education
Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12
Material Type:
Lesson Plan, Module, Teaching/Learning Strategy
Date Added:
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike
Media Format:
Graphics/Photos, Text/HTML


Rhonda Carter on Jun 07, 04:32pm

This is a very though resource, it provides the teacher an abundance of information and resources. There are lots of opportunities to apply and understand the concepts presented. Great!!

diane orecchio on Jun 04, 09:54am

Great lesson! Guide provides much opportunity for deeper learning!

Connie Rivera
on Jun 03, 05:58am Evaluation

Opportunities for Deeper Learning: Superior (3)

Appropriate scaffolding and direction? Yes, this curriculum guide has got that! Visit any of these tasks for a rich collaborative experience for your students.

Connie Rivera
on Jun 03, 05:58am Evaluation

Quality of Technological Interactivity: Not Applicable (N/A)

These tasks can be used in any adult education classroom without technology access. Teachers will need to plan ahead if they print the guide and include any links they want to access if they do not have access to technology in their class.

Connie Rivera
on Jun 03, 05:58am Evaluation

Quality of Assessments: Not Applicable (N/A)

Notice and Wonder is used to connect to what students already know and can be a formative assessment. Formal sharing is also included with each task. None of the tasks are designed to be an assessment in and of themselves.

Connie Rivera
on Jun 03, 05:58am Evaluation

Utility of Materials Designed to Support Teaching: Superior (3)

While there is no materials list provided, it doesn't seem appropriate for this guide. Materials can be collected for each task the teacher chooses to use with students.

Connie Rivera
on Jun 03, 05:58am Evaluation

Quality of Explanation of the Subject Matter: Superior (3)

With the teacher as the audience for this guide, the explanation is superior. Multiple links are provided for additional reading. The guide provides concrete examples, but also guidance on ways to create Push and Support Cards for our own problems.



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Average Score (3 Points Possible)
Degree of Alignment2.1 (3 users)
Quality of Explanation of the Subject Matter3 (3 users)
Utility of Materials Designed to Support Teaching3 (3 users)
Quality of Assessments2.5 (2 users)
Quality of Technological Interactivity2.5 (2 users)
Quality of Instructional and Practice Exercises3 (2 users)
Opportunities for Deeper Learning3 (3 users)

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