KLEWS Chart Template

Follow the KLEWS chart to design your inquiry-based learning approach.

Instructors are encouraged to create a remix of this resource, fill out the chart and share back to the community. You can also export this format and print to use in class. 


  1. Write the essential question at the top of the chart. This question guides the entire lesson and is revisited again and again through observations and discussions.
  2. Begin with the “K” column. Determine what students already Know by asking them the essential question. Have students write their responses on a post-it note and place the notes under the K column.
  3. Move to the “E” column. Ask students to provide Evidence. Record student observations in the E column. Note that NGSS standards require that students make their own observations rather than being given the content. 
  4. Move to the “L” column, which stands for Learning. This column shows what they’ve learned from their observations. This relates to the NGSS Crosscutting Concepts.
  5. The “W” column gives students an opportunity to Wonder about some of their observations. They write their wonderings on post-it notes and put them on the chart. If they discover an answer to their wondering during the lesson or by doing independent reading, the post it is moved to the L column.
  6. The “S” column is the last column to be completed. It contains Science Understanding and helps students develop science vocabulary. 

Essential Question: 

What do we think we know?
What are we learning?
What is our evidence?
What do we still wonder about?
What scientific principals/vocabulary help explain the phenomena?


Return to top