Short Videos For Use with Each Chapter of OpenStax Astronomy

Short Videos

For Use with Each Chapter of OpenStax Astronomy 

A List by Andrew Fraknoi (Foothill College)

 

Note:  This list includes the short (15 minutes or less) videos recommended in the textbook, plus a few others that became available recently or have been suggested by adopters.  Recommend others that you have found particularly useful for Astro 101 to: fraknoi@fhda.edu

 

 

Chapter 1: Science and the Universe

 

Cartoon explaining how scientific notation works and why it’s useful: http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/muen-math-ee-scientificnotation/scientific-notation/

Wanderers (a tour of the solar system with words by Carl Sagan, imagining other worlds with dramatically realistic paintings, 4 min): http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap141208.html

Powers of Ten (from Cosmic Voyage, narrated by Morgan Freeman, 8 min 35 sec): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qxXf7AJZ73A

Powers of Ten (a much earlier version, narrated by Philip Morrison; a classic short video): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0fKBhvDjuy0

The Known Universe (video tour from the American Museum of Natural History: with realistic animation, music, and captions; 6 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17jymDn0W6U

 

Chapter 2: Observing the Sky: The Birth of Astronomy

 

In 1971, Apollo 15 astronaut David Scott took a hammer and feather to the Moon and dropped them in a vacuum. NASA video at: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap111101.html

Difference between geocentrism and heliocentrism (short animation showing planet orbits in each model): http://www.malinc.se/math/trigonometry/geocentrismen.php

Excerpt on Erathosthenes and his measurement of the Earth from the Cosmos TV series with Carl Sagan (6 min): https://vimeo.com/78787366  (also see the 3-min cartoon at: http://www.businessinsider.com/how-greek-eratosthenes-calculated-earth-circumference-2016-6 )

The story of Copernicus (5 min) from a series on the History Channel: http://www.history.com/topics/nicolaus-copernicus/videos/beyond-the-big-bang-copernicus

Mini-biography of Galileo (3 min) with pictures and interviews: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2J0-ZbbrD6U

The story of Galileo: his life and work from The Universe series (7 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-QUegBP3qwg

Derren Brown on Astrology (8-min excerpt from a British TV show in which magician and skeptic Brown cleverly exposes pseudo-science): http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x1uf8bh_derren-brown-astrology_shortfilms (also available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=haP7Ys9ocTk )

 

Chapter 3: Orbits and Gravity

 

Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Planetary Motion (15 min German video, in English): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3ALuycrCwI

Isaac Newton rap battles Bill Nye (3 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yis7GzlXNM

Beyond the Big Bang: Sir Isaac Newton's Law of Gravity (History Channel; 5 min):  http://www.history.com/topics/enlightenment/videos/beyond-the-big-bang-sir-isaac-newtons-law-of-gravity

Richard Feynman on the Discovery of Neptune (5 min b&w Caltech lecture): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FgXQffVgZRs

 

Chapter 4: Earth, Moon, and Sky

 

Bill Nye, the Science Guy Explains the Seasons (for kids, but college students can enjoy the bad jokes too): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUU7IyfR34o

Exploratorium Videos on Observing Eclipses Safely: http://www.exploratorium.edu/eclipse/how-to-view-eclipse

Geography Lesson on the Arrangement and History of Time Zones (3 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-j-SWKtWEcU

Shadow of the Moon (2 min, NASA Goddard; explains eclipses of the Sun, with discussion and animation, focusing on a 2015 eclipse, and showing what an eclipse looks like from space):  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNcfKUJwnjM

Strangest Time Zones in the World: A History of Time Zones and Examples of Places that Keep Their Own Time (9 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uW6QqcmCfm8

Understanding Lunar Eclipses (2 min, NASA Goddard; explains the reason why there isn’t an eclipse every month with good animation): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNi5UFpales

Animated Maps of the 2017 Total Eclipse of the Sun in the U.S.: http://www.greatamericaneclipse.com/(go to the maps menu to see how the dark shadow of the Moon will move through those states where the eclipse is total)

NASA Visualization Studio Videos with U.S. Map for 2017 Eclipse: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=4314

 

Chapter 5: Radiation and Spectra

 

NASA’s  5-minute introductory video on the electromagnetic spectrum: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfXzwh3KadE

Short video on how a prism bends light to make a rainbow of colors: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JGqsi_LDUn0

ESA video with Doppler ball demonstration and Doppler effect and satellites (5 min): http://www.esa.int/spaceinvideos/Videos/2014/07/Doppler_effect_-_classroom_demonstration_video_VP05

NASA Mission Science Video Tour of the Bands of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (8 short videos): http://missionscience.nasa.gov/ems/emsVideo_01intro.html

 

Chapter 6: Astronomical Instruments

 

National Geographic Video on the ALMA radio telescope array (1 min): http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/news/101411-alma-telescope-ngtoday

NASA Video (11 min) on the SOFIA Infrared Airborne Observatory: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g5z6fZKOtP4

Seeing Beyond: The James Webb Space Telescope (14-min introductory video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=073GwPbyFxE

Galaxies Viewed in Full Spectrum of Light -- Scientists with the Spitzer Observatory show how a galaxy looks different at different wavelengths (6:22): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=368K0iQv8nE  

Keck Telescope (4 min intro from History Channel’s Modern Marvels): http://www.history.com/shows/modern-marvels/videos/keck-observatory

 

Chapter 7: Introduction to the Solar System

 

Shane Gellert’s “I Need Some Space” uses NASA photography and models to show the various worlds with which we share our system: https://vimeo.com/78449289.

In the “Wanderers” video, we see some of the planets and moons as tourist destinations for future explorers, with commentary taken from recordings by Carl Sagan: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap141208.html

Brief PBS Evolution series excerpt explaining how we use radioactive elements to date the Earth:   http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/tdc02.sci.phys.matter.radiodating/radiometric-dating/

Science Channel video with Bill Nye the Science Guy showing how scientists have used radioactive dating to find the age of the Earth: http://www.sciencechannel.com/tv-shows/greatest-discoveries/videos/100-greatest-discoveries-radiometric-dating/

Origins of the Solar System (13-min video from Nova ScienceNow, focusing on the evidence from meteorites, narrated by Neil Tyson): http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/space/origins-solar-system.html

To Scale: Constructing a scale model of the solar system in the Nevada desert (7 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=84&v=zR3Igc3Rhfg

 

Chapter 8: Earth as a Planet

 

Animation of how the drift of the continents has changed the appearance of our planet’s crust: http://www.tectonics.caltech.edu/outreach/animations/drift.html

NASA’s scientific visualization studio has a view of what would have happened to Earth's ozone layer by 2065 if CFCs had not been regulated: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a003500/a003586/index.html

In a short excerpt from the National Geographic documentary Earth: The Biography, Dr. Iain Stewart explains the fluid nature of our atmosphere: http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/videos/origins-of-the-atmosphere/

Short PBS video on the physics of the greenhouse effect: http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/phy03.sci.phys.matter.greenhouse2/global-warming-the-physics-of-the-greenhouse-effect/

Real Time Globe of Earth showing wind patterns which can be zoomed and moved to your preferred view: http://earth.nullschool.net/

Earth Globes Movies (including Earth at night): http://astro.uchicago.edu/cosmus/projects/earth/

What Does It Feel Like to Fly Over Earth (1 min video by James Drake stitched together from astronaut photography): http://www.openculture.com/2011/09/what_it_feels_like_to_fly_over_planet_earth.html

Flying over the Earth at Night: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap120305.html

Meteor Hits Russia Feb. 15, 2013 – Archive of Eyewitness Footage: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpmXyJrs7iU

 

Chapter 9: The Moon and Mercury

 

Short video produced by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter team about the evolution of the Moon, tracing it from its origin about 4.5 billion years ago to the Moon we see today:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mIRPeYGKfic

Rotating globe of Mercury, in false color, showing some of the variations in the composition of the planet’s surface: http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/the_mission/movies/MESSENGER_falsecolor_Mercury_globe_spin_big.mov

Tour of the Moon (2012, NASA Goddard, using LRO images, narrated, 5 min, nicely done): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2iSZMv64wuU

Brief video from the Universe series on the History Channel showing the giant impact origin of the Moon: http://www.history.com/shows/the-universe/videos/creation-of-the-moon

 

Chapter 10: Mars and Venus

 

Magellan Maps Venus (BBC clip with Dr. Ellen Stofan on the radar images of Venus and what they tell us; 3:06):  http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/solarsystem/space_missions/magellan_probe#p005y07s

Planet Venus: The Deadliest Planet (Venus surface and atmosphere summary; 2:04): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HqFVxWfVtoo

Curiosity rover’s complex landing sequence:“7 Minutes of Terror” (NASA video) http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/details.php?id=1090   

50 Years of Mars Exploration (NASA’s summary of all missions through MAVEN; good quick overview; 4:08):  http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/details.php?id=1395  

Our Curiosity (Mars Curiosityrover 2-year anniversary video narrated by Neil deGrasse Tyson and Felicia Day; 6:01)   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XczKXWvokm4

Four-minute video tour of Valles Marineris, narrated by planetary scientist Phil Christensen: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUbQM47QXwQ

 

Chapter 11: The Giant Planets

 

Voyager: The Grand Tour: Jet Propulsion Laboratory video that describes the Voyager mission and what it found (15 min): http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/details.php?id=1215 

Beautiful short (1 min) video showing the rotation of Jupiter with its many atmospheric features, made from Hubble Space Telescope photos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QND_NtNFAvI

Brief NASA video about the magnetosphere of Jupiter and why we continue to be interested in it (2 min):  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0tqmrZn6kY

Quick NASA video of the hexagon in Saturn’s polar region, with exaggerated color, at: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA17652

Jupiter, the Largest Planet: Produced by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and Science on a Sphere. (7:29):  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s56pxa9lpvo.

Cassini: 15 Years of Exploration: Quick visual summary of mission highlights (2:29): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2z8fzz_MBAw

Voyager 2 at Neptune: "Voyager's Last Encounter" 1989 NASA JPL video (3.5 minutes) with results and quotes by mission scientists: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COI5LBpvDyU

 

Chapter 12: Rings, Moons, and Pluto

 

A short film with planetary scientist Kevin Hand explains why Europa is so interesting for future exploration (4 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kz9VhCQbPAk#t=75

360 Degrees of Io: A brief movie showing a rotating Io with its dramatic surface features (25 sec): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhwYkXOE3TI

Titan Approach Movie: film from the images taken by Cassini and Huygens (3 min):           https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TMxL3ZhO8A8 

Flyover of Titan’s Northern Lakes district (from Cassini images; 2 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RrGPtCdItBw

A very brief movie showing the two shepherd moons on either side of Saturn’s F ring: http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA07712

Amazing Moons (2016, 5-min NASA video on intriguing moons in our solar system): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQjZf2bW9XQ

Briny Breath of Enceladus (2009 brief JPL film on the geysers of Enceladus; 2.5 min): http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/details.php?id=846

Dr. Carolyn Porco’s TED Talk on Enceladus (3 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRQdHrGuVgI

Titan (8 min video from Open University, with interviews, animations, images): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iTrOFefYxFg

Seeking Pluto’s Frigid Heart (2016 dramatic New York Times production, narrated by Dennis Overbye, 7 min.): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIxQXGTl_mo

Charon brief flyover video: http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/Multimedia/Science-Photos/image.php?gallery_id=2&image_id=326

Chaotic rotation of Pluto’s moons (amination, 1 min): http://www.seti.org/sites/default/files/dps-slides-showalter1.mp4

Pluto Flyover Movie (NASA, 1 min 35 sec, along that big strip, labels but no sound, very effective): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEdvyrKokX4

Pluto approach and close up movie (July 2016): http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/News-Center/News-Article.php?page=20160714-2

 

Chapter 13: Comets and Asteroids

 

Animated video showing the orbits of 100,000 asteroids found by one sky survey (3 min): https://vimeo.com/87092212

Dawn mission animated “flyover” of Vesta: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZpRc-MicHY

Dawn mission animated “flyover” of Ceres: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-hYSBghEn0

Video compilation of the Chelyabinsk meteor streaking through the sky over the city on February 15, 2013: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpmXyJrs7iU

Why Are We Seeing So Many Sungrazing Comets? (brief NASA video): http://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/soho/solar-observatory-greatest-comet-hunter-of-all-time

Rosetta’s Moment in the Sun: Close-up images of a comet generating plumes of gas and dust as it nears the Sun; discusses dangers an active comet poses for the spacecraft (3 min): http://www.esa.int/spaceinvideos/Videos/2015/08/Rosetta_s_moment_in_the_Sun

60 Minutes TV segment on Asteroid Impacts (Cosmic Roulette; 2013; 13 min): http://www.cbsnews.com/news/a-dangerous-game-of-cosmic-roulette/

Collision of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter (short discussion and animation from the TV documentary series Universe):  http://www.history.com/shows/the-universe/videos/shoemaker-levy-impact 

 

Chapter 14: Meteors, Meteorites and the Origin of the Solar System

 

How to Observe Meteor Showers (California Academy of Sciences’ friendly, animated, short: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBF4wFhw2Kg

ALMA’s ground-breaking observations of HL Tau and what they reveal about plant formation (European Southern Observatory videocast): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=528BOGuuzik

Meteorites and Meteor-wrongs (7 min video with Dr. Randy Korotev of Washington U. in St. Louis): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQO335Y3zXo

Top Tips for Watching Meteor Showers (3 min; from the At-Bristol Science Center): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNmgvlwInCA

Origins of the Solar System (13-min video from Nova ScienceNow narrated by Neil Tyson): http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/space/origins-solar-system.html

Kepler Orrery with stars with multiple planets: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap151205.html 

 

Chapter 15: The Sun’s Structure, Solar Activity, and Space Weather

 

The “boiling” action of granulation: 30-second time-lapse video from the Swedish Institute for Solar Physics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W_Scoj4HqCQ

NASA video explaining and demonstrating the nature of the aurora and their relationship to Earth’s magnetic field: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaSFAbATPvk

Overview and introduction to the Sun by science reporter Dennis Overbye of the NY Times (3 min): http://www.nytimes.com/video/science/100000003489464/out-there-raining-fire.html?emc=eta1

What Happens on the Sun Doesn’t Stay on the Sun (from the Nat’l Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; 5-min. introduction to the Sun, space weather, its effects, and how we monitor it): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bg_gD2-ujCk

Sun Storms (a 5-min video from the Starry Night company about storms from the Sun now and in the past): http://www.livescience.com/11754-sun-storms-havoc-electronic-world.html

Journey into the Sun (2010 KQED Quest TV Program, 12 min, mostly about the Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft, its launch and capabilities, but with good general information on how the Sun works): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqKFQ7z0Nuk

Space Weather Impacts Videos from the National Weather Service and NOAA (four short videos): http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/education-and-outreach -- also on YouTube at: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLBdd8cMH5jFmvVR2sZubIUzBO6JI0Pvx0

NASA Goddard video of 3 years of observations of the Sun by the Solar Dynamics Observatory made into a speeded up movie, with commentary by solar physicist Alex Young; 5 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaCG0wAjJSY&src  

Sunspot Group AR 2339 Crosses the Sun is a short video (with music) animates Solar Dynamics Observatory images of an especially large sunspot group going across the Sun’s face (1 min 14 sec): http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap150629.html

 Space Weather: Storms on the Sun: (7-minute science bulletin from the American Museum of Natural History, giving the background to what happens on the Sun to cause space weather): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vWsmp4o-qVg

 

Chapter 16: The Sun: A Nuclear Powerhouse

 

Neutrinos: Nature’s Identity Thieves (6-min Fermilab Video with Don Lincoln; with story of Raymond Davis’ experiment): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RGv-pcKRf6Q

How Does Fusion Power the Sun (2-min Science channel video with Michelle Thaller and Lawrence Krauss): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1ZQ4JBv3-Y

 

Chapter 17: Analyzing Starlight (Brightness, Color, and Spectra)

 

The Effect of Proper Motion on the Appearance of the Big Dipper over 200,000 years (9 sec): http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast162/Movies/proper.html

Understanding the Magnitude System for Stars (5-min video with Robert Fuller): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9P8Veb_AlJ0

WISE Mission Shows Local Brown Dwarfs are Rarer than We Thought (1.3-min report from JPL narrated by Davy Kirkpatrick): http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/details.php?id=1089

 

Chapter 18: The Stars (Mass, Diameter, and the H-R Diagram)

 

Let’s Talk About Size (3-min animation comparing the sizes of planets and stars, showing some of the extremes of star diameters): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HEheh1BH34Q

The Nearest Stars (a 2-min excerpt from TV’s The Big Bang Theory, where Sheldon goes down the apartment-building stairs while reciting the closest stars in order): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vg3noqtm0L0

 

Chapter 19: Celestial Distances

 

Introduction to the Gaia Mission (19 min, Cambridge University; describes the Gaia mission and what scientists hope to learn): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oGri4YNggoc

Hipparcos: Route Map to the Stars (15 min ESA video; describes the mission to measure parallax and its results): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4d8a75fs7KI

How Big is the Universe (a 6-minute video with astronomer Pete Edwards from the British Institute of Physics; with a step by step introduction to the concepts of distances): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K_xZuopg4Sk

Measuring Large Distances Using Triangulation (on Earth and in astronomy; 3-min video which sets out the basic trigonometry; it’s not a visually dramatic video, but the narration in a nice British accent is helpful): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Saw1Eg2iZaI

 

Chapter 20: Between the Stars: Interstellar Matter

 

Cosmic Soccer Balls: Fullerenes, Buckyballs, or Buckminsterfullerenes (2-min video from JPL explains what they are and illustrates how they were discovered in space):  http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/details.php?id=918

Space Station Live: Cosmic Ray Detector for ISS (7-min NASA video about the Calorimetric Electron Telescope mission, a cosmic ray detector at the International Space Station): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MCiRuTkIkhw

Barnard 68: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8No6I0Uc3No (3-min video about this dark cloud and dark clouds in interstellar space in general)

Hubblecast 65: The Horsehead Nebula Seen in Infrared (6-min report on nebulae in general and about the Horsehead specifically, with ESO astronomer Joe Liske):  http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/heic1307a/ (

The Horsehead Nebula in New Light (a 3-minute tour of the dark nebula in different wavelengths; no audio narration, just music, but explanatory material appears on the screen): http://www.esa.int/spaceinvideos/Videos/2013/04/The_Horsehead_Nebula_in_new_light

Interstellar Reddening (4-min video demonstrating how reddening works, with Scott Miller of Penn State; a bit nerdy but useful): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H2M80RAQB6k

Molecules in Space (Astronomer Anthony Remijan explains how ALMA is used to find molecules in the interstellar medium): https://public.nrao.edu/explorer/milkyway/TheMilkyWayExplorer_mobile.php?id=OX_007&map=OX_007

 

Chapter 21: Birth of Stars and Discovery of Exoplanets

 

A Star Is Born (2.5-min Discovery Channel video with astronomer Michelle Thaller): http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/other-shows/videos/how-the-universe-works-a-star-isborn/

Observations of HL Tau (The director of NRAO describes the high-resolution observations of the young star HL Tau; with nice artist’s animation of a protoplanetary disk): https://vimeo.com/110940294

Narrated tour of the Orion Nebula region (4 min Hubble video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoeKQeJuHvw

Animation of the stars in the Omega Centauri cluster as they rearrange according to luminosity and temperature, forming an H–R diagram: http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/heic1017b/

Kepler Mission Orrery with stars with multiple planets: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap151205.html

Sara Seeger 2015 TED Talk on exoplanets and how to find out about them (16 min): https://www.ted.com/talks/sara_seager_the_search_for_planets_beyond_our_solar_system

ESOCast: 20 Years of Exploring Exoplanets (8 min, 2015 narrated video, explains different methods, but very ESO-centric): http://www.eso.org/public/videos/esocast79a/

 

Chapter 22: Stellar Evolution from Main Sequence to Red Giants (plus Star Clusters)

 

Evolution of Stars in a Dwarf Galaxy (1-min ESO animation traces how stars evolve with time on the H-R diagram): http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/heic1211a/

H–R diagram for globular cluster Omega Centauri (1.5 min ESA animation of how the stars on a Hubble image are plotted and related to stellar evolution): http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/heic1017b/

Three Short Hubblecast Videos from 2007-2008 on discoveries involving star clusters: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGPRLxrYbYA

A Tour of Planetary Nebula NGC 5189 (5-min Hubblecast episode with Joe Liske, explaining planetary nebulae in general and one example in particular): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1D2cwiZld0o

The Life Cycle of Stars (5-min summary of stellar evolution from the Institute of Physics in Great Britain, with astronomer Tim O’Brien): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PM9CQDlQI0A

NASA Missions Take an Unparalleled Look into Superstar Eta Carinae (4-min NASA Goddard video about observations in 2014 and what we know about the pair of stars in this complicated system): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rJQi6oaZf0

 

Chapter 23: Death of Stars (White Dwarfs, Supernovae, Neutron Stars, Pulsars, Gamma-ray Bursts)

 

Supernova SN 2014J, a Type Ia supernova discovered in M82 with brief animations of the two mechanisms by which such a supernova could form (3 min; Chandra telescope): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FtKG3-jh8Ao

Supernova 1987A ESO Zoom Movie (flying into the LMC and toward the remnant; 1 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3T-FoEgcvXY

Supernova 1987A: Quick Time-lapse Movie of the ring around it lighting up: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SN_1987A#mediaviewer/File:SN1987a_debris_evolution_animation.gif

Dr. Scott Ransom, of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, explains how millisecond pulsars come about, with some nice animation (1.5 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m112a76tjKQ

NASA video showing the location of the first 500 bursts found by the Swift satellite (1 min): http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/swift/bursts/swift-20110527.html

It All Ends with a Bang (HubbleCast program introducing Supernovae; with Dr. Joe Liske; 10 min): http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/hubblecast64a/

Shocking Secrets of the Crab Pulsar (A sequence of Hubble and Chandra Space Telescope images of the central regions of the Crab Nebula assembled into a very brief movie accompanied by animation showing how the pulsar affects its environment): http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2002/24.

American Museum of Natural History Science Bulletin: “Gamma-Ray Bursts: Flashes in the Sky” (6 min introduction focusing on the Swift satellite): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23EhcAP3O8Q

Brief Animation of What Causes a Long-Duration Gamma-ray Burst (1 min): http://news.psu.edu/video/296729/2013/11/27/overview-animation-gamma-ray-burst

 

Chapter 24: Black Holes and General Relativity (and Gravitational Waves)

 

Aboard NASA’s Vomit Comet (How NASA uses a “weightless” environment to help train astronauts; 8 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2V9h42yspbo

Astronaut Karen Nyberg demonstrates to Sandra Bullock how aboard the ISS, she can propel herself with the force of a single human hair (2 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WMK36dpHIkg

Death by Black Hole (Neil deGrasse Tyson, on stage, with only his hands, explains spaghettification in 6 min): http://www.openculture.com/2009/02/death_by_black_hole_and_its_kind_of_funny.html

Falling into a Black Hole & Spaghettification (5 min dramatic excerpt from a Discovery Channel video with L. Krauss, P. Plait, M. Kaku): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGn_w-3pjMc

Black Holes Explained Very Simply for a Family Audience (5-min video with Andrew Fraknoi, one of the senior authors of our textbook): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7DX_cc-IjpY

 

Gravitational Waves:

Journey of a Gravitational Wave (Introduction from LIGO at Caltech; 2:55): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FlDtXIBrAYE

LIGO’s First Detection of Gravitational Waves (Explanation and animations from PBS Digital Studio; 9:31): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gw-i_VKd6Wo

Two Black Holes Merge into One (Simulation from LIGO Caltech; 0:35): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_88S8DWbcU  

What the Discovery of Gravitational Waves Means (TED Talk by Allan Adams; 10:58): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jMVAgCPYYHY

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Chapter 25: The Milky Way Galaxy

 

Stars Orbiting the Central BH in Milky Way (Andrea Ghez data, 1996-2010, 11 sec animation): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EvuV3GdVaY4

Andrea Ghez 2009 TED talk on searching for supermassive BHs, particularly the one at the center of the Milky Way (16 min): https://www.ted.com/talks/andrea_ghez_the_hunt_for_a_supermassive_black_hole

Journey to the Galactic Center (A brief silent trip into the cluster of stars near the galactic center showing their motions around the center; 3 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=36xZsgZ0oSo  

Diner at the Center of the Galaxy (NASA ScienceCast of NuSTAR observations of flares from our Galaxy’s central black hole; 3 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UP7ig8Gxftw

Crash of the Titans (2012 Hubblecast featuring Jay Anderson and Roeland van der Marel explaining how Andromeda will collide with the Milky Way in the distant future; 5 min): http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/hubblecast55a/

Spitzer Space Telescope Panorama of the Milky Way Galaxy in the Infrared (3 min): http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/video-audio/1444

 

Chapter 26: Galaxies

 

Edwin Hubble (Hubblecast Episode #89; 6 min): http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/hubblecast89a/

Galaxies: An Introduction (A compilation of several short European videos that first describe galaxies in general and then focus on galaxies in Hubble telescope images; 13 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYYgangrkZg

Hubble’s Revolution (brief Discovery Channel show excerpt about Hubble’s work and Hubble’s Law, with Lawrence Krauss; 3 min): http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/other-shows/videos/how-the-universe-works-hubbles-revolution/

How Many Galaxies Are There in the Universe (HubbleCast #96 from Oct. 2016 on recent counts of galaxies on deep fields; 6 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eEbLT_U0XyY

 

Chapter 27: Active Galaxies, Quasars, and Supermassive Black Holes

 

Matter Accreting Around a Supermassive Black Hole (animation from Hubble; 30 sec): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zM6J8muBjpY

Merging Galaxies Create Active Galactic Nuclei (NASA animation; 1.5 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TseB5fKQlHU

Tour of Black Hole Seeds in the Early Universe (news from Chandra Observatory; 3 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SKQRrg1mR8

Hubble and Black Holes (HubbleCast #43; with Dr. Joe Liske on how Hubble is used to measure the mass of supermassive black holes and their evolution; 9 min): http://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/hubblecast43a/

2011 ESOCast (5 min) on the discovery of the most distant quasar: https://www.eso.org/public/videos/eso1122a/

 

Chapter 28: Evolution and Distribution of Galaxies

 

A Flight through the Universe (from the Sloan Digital Survey; 2-min animation of moving through the galaxies it cataloged): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08LBltePDZw

How to Find a Galaxy (short NOVA excerpt on how Geller and Huchra mapped the location of many galaxies; 4 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gAyZbpSW15U

Gravitational Lensing (clear explanation from Fermilab, with Dr. Don Lincoln; 7:14): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Z71RtwoOas

Hubble Extreme Deep Field Pushes Back Frontiers of Time and Space (2012 video about surveying distant and early galaxies; 2:42): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gu_VhzhlqGw  

Looking Deeply into the Universe in 3-D (2015 ESOCast video #72, about using the VLT to explore galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field South; 5 min): https://www.eso.org/public/videos/eso1507a/

When Two Galaxies Collide (Computer simulation, which stops at various points and shows a Hubble image of just such a system in nature (1:37):  http://www.openculture.com/2009/04/when_galaxies_collide.html

A Virtual Universe (Nature video on an MIT model of a section of universe evolving, with dark matter included: 4:11): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SY0bKE10ZDM

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Chapter 29: The Big Bang

 

Video excerpt about the work of LeMaitre (6 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xhLQ_b3bKdI

Three Degrees, a 26-min video from Bell Labs about Penzias and Wilson’s discovery of the cosmic background radiation, with interesting historical footage (while this is longer than our time limit for short videos, you can show excerpts): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flnp5t_MezU 

Planck Maps the Dawn of Time (12 min EuroNews summary of the work of the Planck mission, featuring interviews with key scientists): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ytLbP60zVgo

When Speed Matters (ESOCast #40: The Discovery of the Acceleration of the Expansion of the Universe; 7 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lUkwWqF0nGM

The Acceleration of the Universe (Dr. Sean Carroll of Caltech explains the acceleration with cartoons in 2 minutes): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDihDaLS_pQ

Alan Guth Explains Inflation at the Beginning of Time (3-min video from World Science Festival): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rEXDgpttmyc

Richard Dawkins Explains the Anthropic Principle (in its various versions; part of a 2009 lecture; 4 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CexcmggApr4

 

Chapter 30: Life in the Universe

 

The Fermi Paradox (Where are all the aliens? – two cartoon summaries of the problem and proposed solutions; 6 min each): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNhhvQGsMEc and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1fQkVqno-uI

Making Matter Come Alive (15-min 2011 TED talk by inorganic chemist Lee Cronin on the origin of life): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unNRCSj0igI

Hubble Detects a Water Plume on Europa (2 min, 2016 NASA News): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QJS9LcB66g

Geysers on Enceladus: Cold Faithful (3 min JPL/NASA video with Dr. Torrence Johnson on the Cassini discovery of water geysers coming from Saturn’s moon): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzVxqmYu90Y

Jill Tarter TED Talk (Feb 2009 talk on SETI; 21 min – a bit longer than our limit, but worth showing excerpts from): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EszGIvRdgTE

Breakthrough: Listen Initiative Launch Highlights (July 2015, Yuri Milner is donating $100 million over 10 years to ramp up several approaches to SETI; features Stephen Hawking, Frank Drake, and others; 5 min): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f9pqgqhVrgk


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