Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education
Climate Change in New Hampshire
Text-Based STEM Inquiry
Nute High School & Library, Milton, N. H.
Part I: Unit Title: Climate Change in New Hampshire
Part II: Background on LMS and Math Teacher relationship
This lesson was created by Library Media Specialist (LMS), Helen Brock, and Math teacher, Sabrina Kirwan. Helen’s strengths are finding relevant sources for text-based inquiry and modeling annotation and research strategies and she requested to see Sabrina model math content knowledge. Sabrina’s strengths are math content knowledge and she requested to see Helen model student research strategies supported by text-based inquiry.
Part III: Unit Description
This unit was developed for a junior level pre-Calculus class to be taught during the first quarter of the 2016-17 school year. The lessons of the unit will culminate in each group of students creating and analyzing a mathematical model to predict the future impacts of climate change in New Hampshire and make a presentation as a group. The texts and historic data source, while specific to New Hampshire, may be of interest to other regions of the country. However, state climate change reports and climate data specific to your location may be available through state universities and meteorological stations.
Using inquiry-based reading, students will integrate, evaluate, and synthesize multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media in order to address the essential question.
Over the course of the unit, students will create a summary of data and inquiry-based readings on their group topic. Using data analysis to create a model, students will make predictions of future climate impacts. Each student will also use an online carbon footprint calculator and propose ways to reduce individual impact.
Extension activity: Proposal of ways to reduce and adapt to climate impacts regionally.
Part IV: Standards Addressed
Common Core Math Practices
Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
Model with Mathematics.
Common Core Math Content
N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems.
N-Q.A.2 Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
A-CED Create equations that describe numbers or relationships.
F-IF Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.
S-IS Make inferences and justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments and observational studies.
Next Generation Science Standards Crosscutting Concepts
Stability and Change: Much of science deals with constructing explanations of how things change and how they remain stable.
HS-C3.5: Algebraic thinking is used to examine scientific data and predict the effect of a change in one variable on another (e.g., linear growth vs. exponential growth).
Next Generation Science Standards
HS-ESS3-5 Earth and Human Activity: Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
HS-ESS3-6 Earth and Human Activity : Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
HS-ESS2-2 Earth's Systems : Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
Science and Engineering Practices
HS-P4.1: Analyze data using tools, technologies, and/or models (e.g., computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims or determine an optimal design solution.
HS-P7.4: Construct, use, and/or present an oral and written argument or counter-arguments based on data and evidence.
HS-P8.5: Communicate scientific and/or technical information or ideas (e.g. about phenomena and/or the process of development and the design and performance of a proposed process or system) in multiple formats (i.e., orally, graphically, textually, mathematically).
CCSS Science Literacy Standards
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.2: Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text's explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.8: Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author's claim or a recommendation for solving a scientific or technical problem.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.7: Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12: Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or challenging conclusions with other sources of information.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.9 : Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon, or concept, resolving conflicting information when possible.
HS-LS2-7: Students who demonstrate understanding can: Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity.
Part V: Unit Essential Question
EQ: How can we make inferences and justify conclusions from historic climate data and scientific studies to determine future climate change in New Hampshire?
Part VI: Goals for Using Inquiry
The goals for using inquiry in this unit are to have students:
- Examine provided texts and data
- Select additional resources to use
- Recognize the need and develop a plan to reduce their household/personal carbon footprint
- Develop their own mathematical model using historic climate data
- Justify and share their results on the impact of climate change
The media library specialist has selected a data-rich anchor text about the regional impacts of climate change and will provide support for students to access and analyze additional resources that support their specific topic.
Part VII: Summative Assessment Description and Rubric
This unit includes lessons that culminate in each group of students creating and analyzing a mathematical model to predict the impacts of climate change with a particular focus.
Each group will complete several tasks which include:
- Graph creation and data analysis
- Summary of data and inquiry-based reading on group topic
- Predictions and justifications of future regional climate impacts from models
- Proposal of how to reduce carbon footprint
- Group presentation utilizing technology
Extension: Proposal of ways to reduce and adapt to climate impacts regionally
Part VIII: Prior Knowledge Needed
Students should have previous experience with:
- Scientific graphing calculators
- Reading charts, graphs, and tables of data
- Data analysis
Prior scientific knowledge should include the water cycle and erosion, the carbon dioxide cycle, and weather and climate change. Students should be familiar with accessing, analyzing, and evaluating information from several sources and synthesizing this information to answer their research or essential questions. Students should also have experience utilizing annotations to help comprehend complex texts in various subjects.
Part IX: Student Learning Objectives
- The student will be able to identify linear and nonlinear relationships and create an equation.
- The student will be able to predict how climate change will affect New Hampshire by analyzing historic climate trend data.
- The student will be able to determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text.
- The student will be able to construct and present an oral and written argument based on data and evidence.
- The student will be able to analyze/evaluate the data from a carbon footprint calculator and create a personal (household) solution to minimize his/her carbon footprint.
- The student will be able to cite specific textual evidence to make inferences and justify conclusions about climate change data.
- Extension: The student will be able to develop a plan to mitigate personal and regional impacts of climate change by adapting our behaviors.
Part X: Text Set Description
|Text Title & Hyperlink||Text Purpose||Text-Dependent Questions||Accommodations for Diverse Learners|
|Climate Change in Southern New Hampshire: Past, Present, and Futurehttps://www.climatesolutionsne.org/sites/climatesolutionsne.org/files/2014_southernnh_climate_assessment_unhsi_csne_gsf.pdf||Anchor text discusses an analysis of historic climate data for southern N.H. and models future trends based on different emission levels of heat-trapping gases. This text provides an example of how to use climate trend data and provokes student engagement around the essential question. After reading a selection as a class, students will return to the text to read individual sections based on their climate indicators.Selection: Pages 5-12 and the insert box on page 23.This ATOS level of the text is a 12.2 (Executive Summary section) 13.0 (Introduction section), which is appropriate for 11th-12th grade year. Linked here is the Qualitative Analysis of the Complexity.||Anchor Text-dependent questions||1. Tier Two vocabulary will be defined and added as an addendum to copies of the text using http://achievethecore.org/academic-word-finder/#new2. Specific sections/pages will be provided ahead to support students in breaking the reading down into manageable sections.3. Handouts or links to Climate Change resources will be given.|
|NH: Past Present Futurehttp://ddc-climate.sr.unh.edu./||Climate Trends Datafrom N.H. Weather stations for use by groups of students to create models on particular climate indicators.||No questions; data only.||Reduce the quantity of data that students would analyze without reducing the quality of the inquiry.|
|A Few of Our Favorite Things: How climate change is already affecting themby Jody Recordhttps://www.unh.edu/unhtoday/2016/04/few-our-favorite-things||ATOS level: 9.1Brief news article from University of New Hampshire to be read prior to the anchor text to spark interest and provoke discussion.||1. What ‘favorite things’ of yours will/are being affected by climate changes in New Hampshire as discussed in the article?2. Why should we be proactive in addressing the issue of climate change in N.H.? Ideas?3. Specifically, what data would be needed to predict the regional effects of climate change?|
|International Student Carbon Footprint Challengehttp://web.stanford.edu/group/inquiry2insight/cgi-bin/i2sea-r1b/i2s.php?page=iscfc||Students will use the carbon calculator to determine their carbon footprint.||Carbon Footprint Challenge questions||Analysis may be completed with a partner.|
|Supplemental Resources on Climate Change||Students will use this information to reinforce their understanding of the science and vocabulary of climate change and the use of climate change models.|
|Tier Two vocabulary||Students will have access to this document to understand words with multiple meanings.|
Part XI: Suggested Lesson Breakdown/Pacing
|Day||Student Learning Objectives||Aligned Student Learning Task and Suggested Timing||Formative Assessment||Important Accommodations|
|Day One(23 minutes) 9/21/16 W||Objective # 3||A Few of Our Favorite Things(23 min. Period- half-day schedule)For a full period class, this could be combined with the introduction of the Carbon Footprint Calculator prep worksheet - see Day two below.||1. The teacher/LMS will monitor progress to see if students have questions about certain areas of the reading or assignment.2. Three text-dependent questions given above.||1. Students will be able to read the article online or with a hard copy for annotating.2. Students will have a hard copy of the questions.|
|Day Two(50 minutes)9/23/16 F||Objective # 5||HW- collect household data. ISCFC Footprint Calculator prep worksheet (last 15 min. of class)To provide background knowledge, share supplemental resource sheet and show the two short videos listed. (10 min.)||The teacher collects an exit ticket for a quick check for understanding with each student before they leave class.||A HW extension will be granted to students who were not able to consult with their family over the weekend.|
|Day Three (50 minutes)9/26/16 M||Objectives #1, #3, #6||1. Students read specific pages of the climate change article on their own using annotation strategies given by the teacher/LMS.http://mauimrsroy.weebly.com/uploads/1/0/8/2/10824011/_9715552_orig.jpg (Author: Trisha Roy)2. The LMS reads portions of the article aloud, identifying important annotations.3. Students will write sticky notes to identify sections that require clarification.||1. The teacher/LMS will monitor students as they read independently to observe their annotation strategies..2. The teacher/LMS will monitor progress to see if students have questions about certain areas of the reading.3. The teacher/ LMS will review sticky notes and address questions and misconceptions during the block period.4. Text-dependent questions given above.||1. The teacher will provide the online article and text-dependent questions ahead of time to all students.2. The LMS will provide an addendum of defined vocabulary for the students to use during the 2nd reading.3. Colored print copies of figures and graphs from the article will be made available.4. Highlighters, rulers, and sticky notes provided.|
|Day Four (50 minutes)9/27/16 T||Objectives #4, #5, #7||ISCFC Carbon Footprint CalculatorUse online tool to calculate CO2 data. Analyze data and reflect on individual/ household environmental impact.||http://footprint.stanford.edu/documents/ISCFC_assignment.pdfCarbon Footprint Challenge questions and lesson plan.||1. Challenge questions and plan may be completed with a partner.2. Check for text understanding.|
|Day Five (85 minutes)9/28/16 W||Objectives #1, #4, #6 (optional extension #7)||Group work choicesA) Extreme Temperature and Growing Season (text pg 13-14)B) Annual and Seasonal Precipitation (text pg 14-15)C) Snowfall and Lake Ice-Out (text pg 18-19)D) Extreme Precipitation (text pg 16-17)*************************1. The teacher will model the use of the given data set(s) to create an equation and graph for analysis.2. Students are given examples of models and data sets from http://ddc-climate.sr.unh.edu./ to analyze.3. Teacher will model expectations of data analysis and presentation using NASA: Global Climate Change||The teacher/LMS will monitor group behavior, work completion, and check for understanding.Summative Assessment Rubric||1. Tier Two vocabulary will be defined based on group’s page assignment using http://achievethecore.org/academic-word-finder/#new2. EPA: Glossary of Climate Change terms3. Check for text understanding|
|Day Six(50 minutes)10/3/16 M||Objectives #1, #2, #4, #6 (optional extension #7)||Group work and presentation preparation||The teacher/LMS will monitor group behavior, work completion, and check for understanding.Summative Assessment RubricPresentation Rubric||Data set limited to a specific time span without affecting outcome.|
|Day Seven (85 minutes)10/5/16 W||Objectives #1, #2, #4, #6 (optional extension #7)||Group work completion and presentationStudent reflections on the unit (oral and/or written).||Summative Assessment RubricPresentation Rubric|
Part XII: Attachment of Student Work Examples
Part XIII: Teacher and Librarian Reflection on the Implementation of the Lesson
School Librarians Advancing STEM Learning, Granite State University, Concord, NH, February 2016. Funding provided by IMLS.